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Fast Break? Early Offense? Set Offense?
Basketball offensive strategy is generally divided into fast break, early offense and set offense, but for the concept of basketball offensive strategy, whether in practical or academic research, there still remains a lack of clear definitions and agreement. Purpose: To examine the judgment of the offensive strategy from different levels of games for coaches and the players of different competitive levels. Methods: A total of 75 participants from HBL (Group A, Group B), UBA (Open Group, General Group) and coaches who held the level-C or higher basketball coach license were invited to take part in the study. One hundred and sixty videos of basketball offense from 8 games of the semifinals and finals of the HBL and UBA were edited and presented to; the participants to judge the type of the play. In addition to the descriptive statistics of the offensive time and the number of players involved in the play, two way ANOVA was used to examine the consistency and information entropy of each group at different levels of games, and the one way ANOVA was used to examine the offensive time of each of the three offensive strategies for each group as well as among the three groups. Results: The significant difference was found in consistency and information entropy among groups of participant. There were significant differences in the offensive time among the three offensive strategies for all three groups, but only the offensive time of the early offense showed significant difference among the three groups. Discussion: The judgment of offensive strategy is not influenced by the levels of the game, but is greatly dependent on the observer's basketball experience. The three offensive strategies may be distinguished by offensive time. Although each group showed the similar trend of the shortest to the longest time in the order of fast break, early offense, and set offense, the range of the time for each offensive strategy were still different among the three groups. Conclusion: There seems to be lack of consensus among basketball players of different playing experiences for identifying the early offense from the set offense, however, fast break may be characterized with short time and less involving players from both offensive and defensive teams. Suggestion: The future research may invite players from more diverse background such as professional players, younger players from junior high school, and female players to explore the sources of difference in identifying basketball offensive strategies.
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