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Research on the Republic of China's South China Sea Policy：Take President Ma Ying-jeou for Example
the South China Sea policy
the South China Sea Arbitration
rotation between political parties
As one of the claimants to the South China Sea, the Republic of China focuses on the importance of the region to ensure its national security and territorial sovereignty as well as ocean resources needed for economy. The Republic of China faces many hardships in the South China Sea issue. In addition to the threat posed by the rise of the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China is isolated and marginalized in the international community. All these factors affect the government's strategic choice and actions taken to the South China Sea. In terms of the South China Sea policy of the Republic of China, although the two major political parties, the Kuomintang of China, as known as the KMT, and the Democratic Progressive Party, as known as the DPP, have some similarities in the South China Sea policy, they have quite different views on sovereignty. Especially on the period of the president Ma Ying-jeou, the South China Sea policy is more active than other governors. To break through the current dilemma on the South China Sea issue, the Republic of China should not only seek to participate in regional and multilateral organizations to implement dialogue and consultation mechanisms, but also return to the nature of cross-straits relations as well as comprehensively review and formulate the South China Sea strategy. The KMT government tends to use the U-shaped line as the argument for the claim of historical sovereignty, while the DPP tries to cut the historical link with the People's Republic of China, emphasizing the islands and reefs effectively occupied by Taiwan in the South China Sea. All in all, the political factor will become an important part affecting the development of the Republic of China's policy on the South China Sea.
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