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A Comparison between the views of Yi-Ming of Confucianists in pre-Qin Days and Karma of Buddhism：Focus on Mencius and The Great Treatise on the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment
Confucianism and Buddhism
the distinction between rightness and profit
Justice and Fate
Mandate of Heaven
the mind of shame
The Great Treatise on the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment
In Confucianists, the distinction between rightness and profit is the life guidelines. Buddhism also teaches people how to judge good and evil behaviors through the law of Karma. Both of them are the theory of self-cultivation, which involves the interaction between self-awareness, motivation, behavior, fate, and results. Therefore, the author believes that many important concepts between the views of Justice and Fate of Confucianists and Karma of Buddhism can be compared, such as Goodness of Human Nature compared to Buddha-Nature, Judge to Righteousness and Mindfulness, Enlightenment by Reversed Awareness to Change one's mind, Profit to Result, Mandate of Heaven to Karma, Destiny limitation and the consistency of morality and happiness to Karma Influence, Infinite heart to Infinitee Life, and the Good wish. On the other hand, the author discovers that moral feelings like the mind of shame, repentance, hardships, suffering and endurance affect the promotion of moral practice. Since Mencius is the first to propose a distinction between righteousness and benefit with a bunch of discussions on the concept of Justice and Fate, and The Great Treatise on the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment is the most comprehensive collection of Buddhist treatises and the most systematic review of karma and practice, this purpose of this study is to compare the two schools of the theories to demonstrate the commonality of self-cultivation compared with the views of Justice and Fate of Confucianists and Karma of Buddhism. We hope that the discussions and comparisons can be applied as a linkage for Confucianists and Buddhism in the theory of self-cultivation.
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