中國大陸政教關係之微觀研究:以北京基督教為例 A Micro Study on the State-Church Relations in China:Taking Beijing’s Christianity as an Example

Date
2020
Authors
李求恬
Lee, Chiou-Tian
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Abstract
在中國大陸基督教界被比喻為「羅馬」的北京城,黨國的宗教工作與政策均直接影響北京的政教關係。本論文以改革開放後的北京基督教與田野調查個案為例,探討統合主義下北京政府對基督教的管控,發現不論在三自教會或家庭教會中,均出現統合不完全的宗教行為,文中輔以宗教市場理論,進一步分析這些宗教行為造成的基督教灰市,對北京政教關係的影響。研究發現,在宗教中國化的政策下,黨國除了加強對高校的黨國思想教育,同時積極引導基督教接受黨國統合。而本論文認為,只要這些灰市中的宗教行為依然存在,北京的基督教政教關係,就會繼續維持統合不完全的平衡。
This thesis takes Beijing's Christianity as an example to discuss the relationship between Beijing's politics and church under corporatism. The study found that in the Three-Self Church and House Church, there are incompletely integrated religious behaviors. Therefore, this paper uses the religious market theory as a supplement to further analyze the influence of the gray market phenomenon on the state-church relations. Then, under the policy of sinicization of religion, the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) not only strengthened the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist education in colleges, but also actively guided the sinicization of the church. The results of this paper believe that as long as religious behavior in the gray market continues to exist, the state-church relations in Beijing will maintain a balanced status quo.
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Keywords
統合主義, 宗教三色市場, 田野調查, 黨國思想, 高校宗教教育, Corporatism, Religious market, Fieldwork, Marxism–Leninism–Maoism, Religious education of Colleges
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