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The analysis of tactic and strategy in basketball out of bound plays
|Abstract:||本研究主要目的旨在探究籃球邊線球進攻得分方式、進攻戰術組織，在投籃次數、進球次數、命中率與成功率之差異，並進一步分析國別差異。以晉級有2016-2017年UBA女子甲一級籃球聯賽決賽的隊伍和NCAA女子一級決賽隊伍為研究觀察對象，觀察邊線球進攻得分方式情形，共計分析有10場賽事。所得資料經描述統計、無母數統計的克-瓦二氏檢定和曼惠尼U檢定來加以分析，結果發現：(一) 邊線球進攻得分方式在投籃次數和進球次數有達顯著差異，禁區二分的百分比高於三分球及中距離二分；在命中率與成功率，禁區二分、中距離二分和三分球則無顯著差異。(二) UBA與NCAA邊線球進攻得分方式在投籃次數、命中率和成功率皆無顯著差異；不過，在進球次數的禁區二分有顯著差異存，UBA進球次數百分比高於NCAA，其他得分方式則無顯著差異。(三) 籃球邊線球進攻戰術組織在投籃次數是有達顯著差異，有進攻戰術組織者投籃次數百分比高於無進攻戰術組織者；而在進球次數、命中率以及成功率方面，則無顯著差異。(四) UBA與NCAA邊線球進攻戰術組織在投籃次數、進球次數、命中率以及成功率皆無顯著差異存在。|
The purpose of this study was to explore the difference between the total shooting amount, the total scoring amount, points, the scoring rate and the success rate in basketball out of bound scoring type and set plays, and further analyze the differences in the country. The data were collected from the 10 competition films who competed at the Division- I UBA and NCAA women basketball team in 2016-2017. Descriptive statistics, Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test were used to analyze data. The results showed that: (1) In scoring type, the total shooting amount and the total scoring amount were shows significant difference. Painted area shooting higher than three-point shooting and perimeter shooting. In the scoring rate and the success rate were found no significant difference on painted area shooting, perimeter shooting and three-point shooting. (2) The scoring type was no significant difference in the total shooting amount, scoring rate and success rate between UBA and NCAA. But, the total scoring amount was shows significant difference on painted area shooting. UBA higher than NCAA in the total scoring amount. The perimeter shooting and three-point shooting were found no significant difference. (3) In out of bound set plays, the total shooting amount was show significant difference. The total scoring amount and scoring rate and success rate were no significant difference. (4) The out of bound set plays was no significant difference in the total shooting amount, scoring rate and success rate between UBA and NCAA.
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