Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/106073
Title: 頂尖女子網球職業選手單打發球優勢與接發球回擊表現之探討
A Discussion on Single Serve Advantages and Return Performance of Receive of Top Women Tennis Professional Player
Authors: 劉錦璋
Liu, Jin-Zhang
劉記帆
Liu, Chi-Fan
Keywords: 發球優勢
接發球回擊
澳洲網球公開賽
頂尖女子職業選手
serve advantage
return of receive
Australian Open
top women professional player
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: 目的:本研究目的旨在探討頂尖女子選手在單打發球局中發球優勢情形,以及接發球局中主要接發回擊表現。方法:本研究以2014年澳洲網球公開賽女子單打16強至決賽,共計15場賽事為研究範圍,以描述性統計及樞紐分析去分析頂尖女子選手在發球局主要得分方式及接發球局主要回擊方式為何。結果:(一)、頂尖女子選手在發球局平均一發進球率為64%、二發進球率為87%、一發贏球率為62%、二發贏球率為51%、以發球優勢得分為主要得分表現。(二)、在接發球局平均接一發進球率為78%、接二發進球率為88%、接一發贏球率為38%、接二發贏球率為49%,以防守性帶入對峙為主要回擊方式。(三)、在發球局被破發時,一發進球率下降至60%、二發進球率下降至82%、一發贏球率下降至35%、二發贏球率下降至26%,與發球優勢得分下滑有關。(四)、在接發球局成功破發時,接一發進球率為86%、接二發進球率為94%、接一發贏球率為65%、接二發贏球率為74%,與攻擊性回擊增加有關。結論:(一)、頂尖女子選手在發球局中以發球優勢為主要得分方式,在一發進球率、贏球率及發球優勢皆達6成以上,而在一發進球率下降至6成以下、二發進球率下降至8成以下、一發贏球率下降至4成以下、二發贏球率下降至3成以下,就容易被破發。(二)、在接發球局中雖以防守性帶入對峙為主要回擊方式,但能成功破發球局之原因在於以攻擊性回擊增加有關,在成功破發時二發贏球率以攻擊性回擊要在4成以上,才有機會破發。
Purpose: This study aims to explore the serve advantages of top women players in single serve game and major return performance of receive in the receive game. Methods: This study takes 15 competitions of women singles from Round 16 to finals in Australian Open 2014 as scope and analyzes the major score methods and return methods of top women players in the receive game with descriptive statistics and pivot table analysis. Results: 1.The average first and second serve scoring rate of top women players in the serve game are 64% and 87% respectively. Those of the serve winning rate are 62% and 51%. The major scoring performance is serve advantage. 2.In the receive game, the average first and the second receive scoring rate is 78% and 88% separately. Those of the receive winning rate are 38% and 49% with the defense and standoff as major return methods. 3.When being broken in the serve game, the first and the second serve scoring rate reduces to 60% and 82% respectively. The first serve winning rate reduces to 35% and that of the second reduces to 26 which are related to reduction of serve advantage scoring. 4.When break successfully in the receive game, the first and the second receive scoring rate is 86% and 94% respectively. The first receive winning rate is 65% and the second receive winning rate is 74% which are related to the increase of offensive return. Conclusions: 1.The major scoring method of top women players is serve advantage in the serve game. The first serve scoring rate, winning rate and serve advantage reach over 60%. However, the first serve scoring rate reduces over 60% below and the second serve scoring rate reduces over 80% below. The first serve winning rate reduces over 40% and the second serve winning rate reduces over 30%. In this way, they are easy to be broken. 2.In the receive game, the major return methods are defense and standoff, but the reasons to break successfully are caused by increase of offensive return. When break successfully, only by reaching over 40% in the second serve winning rate with offensive return can the players have chance to break.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22G060132002A%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/106073
Other Identifiers: G060132002A
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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