Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/104123
Title: 丹大地區布農族獵人狩獵動機與狩獵型態
Hunting motives and behavior of Bunun hunter in Danda area
Authors: 王穎
Ying Wang
陳相伶
Hsiang Ling Chen
Keywords: 丹大野生動物重要棲息環境
狩獵動機
狩獵型態
因素分析
布農族
Danda important wildlife habitat
Hunting motive
Hunting strategy
Factor analysis
Bunun
Issue Date: 2006
Abstract: 本研究藉由質性訪談與設計量表以結合質性與量化資料了解現今丹大南投地區獵人的狩獵動機與狩獵現況,與狩獵動機和狩獵型態的關係,以及不同世代間狩獵動機和狩獵型態的差異。為求有效的管理,了解當地人為何狩獵及對狩獵的想法是很重要的。丹大地區境內野生動物資源豐富,然狩獵活動亦相當頻繁。但關於其為何狩獵並未有深入研究。狩獵動機是影響狩獵型態的因素之一,而狩獵型態包括獵區、獵具、狩獵物種、狩獵量及利用方式等,然而狩獵動機與狩獵型態之間的關係為何,台灣尚無相關探討。此外不同世代之間,由於社會背景差異等因素,狩獵的動機與型態也可能不同。本研究以鄰近丹大南投地區的地利、雙龍、潭南、人和四村2001-2005年有從事狩獵活動的人為研究對象,2004-2006年共訪問132人,經由因素分析將狩獵動機分為「自我滿足與社會認同」、「休閒娛樂」、「尋根踏青」、「經濟活動需求」、「自家食用」五大動機,結果顯示目前丹大地區布農族獵人狩獵動機以「休閒娛樂」和「尋根踏青」最高,「經濟活動需求」最低。狩獵工具以獵槍為主,而開車沿路狩獵的方式逐漸興盛。深入山區放陷阱狩獵者將獵物販賣的可能性較高,而在村莊附近拿槍狩獵者,主要利用方式傾向食用。獵物主要利用方式為販賣者,其山豬、水鹿、山羊、山羌、飛鼠的收獲量皆顯著高於食用者。16-25歲的「休閒娛樂」動機顯著高於其他年齡層,其餘無顯著差異,不同年齡層狩獵類型無顯著差異。但16-25歲新一代年輕獵人的狩獵倫理觀念不足,對山與動物的態度由尊重謙卑轉為征服。未來丹大地區的職業獵人應會越來越少,低海拔與路旁的狩獵壓力可能增加,當地居民期望發展生態旅遊並與政府機關共管山林。
This study applied both qualitative and quantitative approaches to investigate the hunting culture of Bununs at Danda important wildlife habitat in central Taiwan, which includes their hunting motives, the relationship between motives and hunting strategies and the differences between generations. From September 2004 to September 2006, we interviewed 132 hunters and residents. Five major underlying dimensions of hunting motives, self esteem, recreation, in memory of ancestral environment, economical needs, and food supplies, were identified by factor analysis (n=107). Our results showed that the major motives for hunting at Danda area were recreation and in memory of ancestral environment. There was no significant correlation between hunting motives and hunting strategies. The differences of motives between generations were significant, and the motive for recreation is significantly higher in 16-25 age-level than in others. However, the differences of hunting strategies between generations were not significant. Gun was the main hunting tool at Danda, and road hunting became prevalent in recent years. Therefore, the hunting pressure near roads and at low elevation areas may increase in the future.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0693430094%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/104123
Other Identifiers: GN0693430094
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