台灣地區老年人休閒活動之研究-以1996年台灣老年人休閒活動調查結果作分析

Abstract
摘 要 人類壽命的延長是世界一致的趨勢,今日大多數老年人重視運動與保健,亦享有退休制度和各種福利與津貼。在其經濟生活獲得保障後,老年休閒活動之需求與發展漸形重要,休閒活動已是老年生活重要的課題。 老年休閒活動具深層文化與價值。本論文研究分為七章:第一章說明研究動機與研究目的等;第二章探討人口的變遷與高齡化世界的來臨,以及探討老年學的學理基礎,以協助老人瞭解自我;第三章探討中外學者對老年休閒活動的理論與觀點,以及休閒活動的意義與分類,以瞭解國內老年人從事休閒活動的類別;第四章以一九九六年衛生署休閒活動調查結果作分析,探討老人參與各種活動之情形,年齡與老人活動參與的關係,及老人休閒活動參與之因素;第五章探討老年人休閒活動的政策面、供給面、參與面,敘述政府對老年的照顧與措施,如何保障全體國民與老年人之經濟安全;第六章研究休閒活動與生活滿意度之相關性,行為因素與社經背景亦影響老人休閒活動與其功能;第七章綜合各章的分析與論點,檢討與歸納之,並提出老年休閒活動未來之發展方向與建議: 一、 建立休閒活動的正確觀念。 二、 提升休閒活動的生活水準。 三、 整體規劃休閒活動的環境。 四、 提供安全的休閒活動機構。 五、 結合民間培養專業的休閒人才。 六、 老人休閒活動應常與國外交流,提升品質。 總之,希藉由認識老年,及瞭解老年休閒活動之意義與功能,作一系統分析,以作為老年未來休閒活動之引導。
The extension of human life is the trend of the world. Nowadays, the elderly values the importance of exercise as well as health maintenance. The elderly also benefits from the retirement system and all kinds of welfare and benefits sponsored by the government. The social welfare system in the nation has provided financial support to the elderly. Thus, the further development and the needs of the elderly leisure activities play an important role in the lives of the elderly. The elderly leisure activities have profound meaning in cultural values. The present study consisted of seven chapters. Chapter one introduced the motivation and the purpose of the study. Chapter two aimed to investigate the changes of the elderly populations in the increasing numbers of the aging populations in the world. The theory of aging was reviewed to understand the self in human development. Chapter three explored the theories of the elderly leisure activities and noted the meaning and categories of leisure activities to understand the different types of leisure activities the elderly participates in. Chapter four examined the government’s policy-making and its service to the elderly, and the elderly participation in their leisure activities. The government’s care-giving service to the elderly was discussed. Under the welfare system, our government has provided our citizens and the elderly with economic security. Chapter five investigated the relationship between leisure activities and life satisfaction. Factors such as behavior and social background also affect the elderly participation and the function of leisure activities. Chapter six analyzed the results of leisure activities’ questionnaires conducted by Department of Health, ROC in 1996. The chapter six also discussed the elderly participation in all kinds of activities, the relationship between ages and activities’ participation, and the factors influencing the elderly participation in leisure activities. Chapter seven concluded with the implications of the study and suggestions for future research. The following suggestions were presented below: 1. Helping the elderly build the correct ideas of having leisure activities 2. Enhancing the living standards of leisure activities for the elderly 3. Planning a good environment for the elderly leisure activities 4. The government makes the most of annual tax incomes to provide the elderly with a good and safe facilities of leisure activities 5. Integrating civil resources nationwide and to train professionals to help the elderly develop leisure activities 6. The elderly leisure activities should increase their cultural exchanges with other countries in the world in order to enhance the quality of leisure activities for the elderly in our country. In all, the present study aimed to increase an understanding of the elderly and their participation of leisure activities. The study reviewed the literature and then explored the elderly leisure activities in order to help guide the elderly enjoy their leisure activities by engaging them to participate in and to adjust themselves well in their leisure activities. Therefore, the elderly can be well-prepared for their aging to better and enjoy their life.
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Keywords
老年休閒活動, 老年人, 老年, 休閒, 休閒參與, 休閒認知, 休閒行為, 休閒活動, The elderly leisure activities, the elderly, leisure, the elderly participation, leisure participation, leisure understanding, the elderly leisure, leisure activities
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