後疫情時代針對臺灣銀髮獨居者居家生活用品之創作研究

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2022

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「嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎」(COVID-19)成為改變人們生活型態之不可逆因素,全球環境與社會大眾的生活模式逐漸轉變,人們開始以居家為主、採取遠距離溝通,避免群聚並減少外出機會,以降低感染風險,同時朝向有效溝通及作業達成的目的而努力。以防疫安全為主的居家生活變遷,促使社會大眾重新審視環境變遷後的高齡社會。世代演進、環境與經濟的進步,社會型態隨之變化,使臺灣高齡社會產生相對的應對措施,人們逐漸對於家庭觀念有不同的思維,思想上的改變與進步直接或間接性地衝擊人口結構與居住型態。而銀髮與高齡族群的生活型態及其需求,在此現況之下日漸受到各年齡層使用者的關注及重視,其中又以「獨居生活」最受外界關切。本研究延伸對於後疫情時代下的高齡與銀髮族居家生活再思考,探究高齡社會之下的新居住型態,進一步理解居家生活空間與使用者之間的互動及關聯,透過解析不同獨居者的使用模式、各種型態下的需求者實際應用,以更加全面且多元的角度進行後續的設計思考,並發展本研究之設計創作成果。承上所述,本研究之設計創作注重不同型態的獨居使用者與空間的互動關係,針對COVID-19疫情時代下所演變的居家生活及防疫需求,反思不同獨居者的使用特性,進行設計構想與創作發展,提出五件符合後疫情時代之需求並適用銀髮與高齡獨居者的設計創作,期許滿足型態差異下的銀髮與高齡獨居者之生活習慣與需求,並展現出不同的思考及價值,以提供後續研究者與設計者作為基礎參考,進而提升後續相關的研發與創作。關鍵詞 : COVID-19疫情、高齡福祉設計、獨居生活、長者照護設計。
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an irreversible factor that changes people’s living patterns. The gradual change in the global environment and citizens’ lifestyle have facilitated the development of a home-oriented lifestyle and applications of remote communication, enabling people to avoid crowd aggregation, reduce the frequency of going out, and reduce the risk of infection. In the meantime, the society is also working hard on increasing communication and work efficiency. Oriented to pandemic prevention and control, this new home-oriented living pattern has inspired people to examine at the elderly society in the post-pandemic era again.The evolution of times and environmental and economic progress have induced the social formation and motivates Taiwan’s elderly society to develop response measures respectively. Consequently, people start to think differently about family. Such change and progress in thinking have directly or indirectly impacted the demographic structure and residential pattern. People at all ages started to pay attention to and think about elderly people’s living patterns and needs, particularly those of elderly who live alone.Extended from the rethink about elderly people’s home life in the post-pandemic era, this study aims to explore the new residential pattern in the elderly society and to further understand the interrelationship between the home living space and user. By analyzing the use model of different solitary elders and practical applications of elders in demand, this study not only to elaborates the design concepts even more comprehensively and diversely, but also to demonstrates the design works developed therefrom.In summary, with a focus on the interaction relationship between solitary elderly users and the space, this study’s design works reflect on the use features of different solitary elders in the light of residential life and pandemic prevention and control need evolved from COVID-19. Through the formation of design concepts and creation development, the study also presents five designs that meet the post-pandemic demands and are applicable to elderly and solitary elders. It is the author’s expectation that, while meeting the living habits and needs of elderly and solitary elders of different types, this study will demonstrate different thinking and value, to which researchers and designers can refer, to facilitate the development of research, and artworks in the future.Key words: COVID-19 pandemic, elderly welfare design, elderly living alone, elderly care design.

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COVID-19疫情, 高齡福祉設計, 獨居生活, 長者照護設計, COVID-19 pandemic, elderly welfare design, elderly living alone, elderly care design

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