體現賤斥:公廁情境與身心處境的主體過程

dc.contributor吳鄭重zh_TW
dc.contributor.author莊景智zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorJHUANG JING JHIHen_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-29T09:53:02Z
dc.date.available2009-7-22
dc.date.available2019-08-29T09:53:02Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.description.abstract公共廁所不只是市政建設關心的公用設施,也是體現個人主體性的公共場域。本論文試圖從公共廁所的空間情境和個人如廁的身心處境出發,分別以由下而上與由內而外的分析視角,對公廁的客體環境進行都市空間的心理分析,同時也對日常排泄的身心處境提出地理學的空間理論。 在理論基礎部份,本研究主要是奠基在克莉斯蒂娃的賤斥理論之上,輔以密櫃、滲漏及活歷等身體空間概念,建構出空間的精神分析與身體的心理地理學概念架構。在研究設計部份,本研究透過台北市公共廁所的分類觀察,以及針對公廁設計、管理、使用、清潔等不同對象的焦點團體與個別訪談,歸納出營造公廁空間的建築文本和使用/維護公廁空間的身體文本,作為分析公廁情境與如廁處境的微地理學經驗文本。 論文最後將研究發現依照賤斥理論的三階段過程,逐一探討公廁空間情境與如廁身心處境中混雜渾沌、排除淨化以及象徵劃界的各種賤斥面向,亦即以吸納、排斥與分離的驅力觀點,解釋身體、心理與空間的賤斥過程,並以跨界/劃界的流動邊界詮釋過程主體的重建。然而,在建築文本與身體文本的分析過程中,本論文也發現隱藏在公廁清潔者身上的遺失文本,她/他們以清潔劃界的跨界參與不斷縫合公廁空間情境與如廁身心處境之間的罅隙,成為既是主體又為客體的賤斥體,連結公廁各文本間的賤斥關係。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThe public toilets are not only the city facilities for public convenience, but also a public field that embodies the very personal domain of subjectivity. This thesis attempts to construct a geographical explanation of the psychological process of subjectivity while conducting a psychoanalysis on the urban space of public toilets. Based on Julia Kristeva’s theory of abjection, and other concepts such as close(t) body/space, leaky body/space, and lived body/space, this research develops a conceptual framework of psychogeography. In order to put this theory into practice, the methods of group and individual interviews with the users, designers, administers, and cleaners of public toilet are used along with a systematic observation of different types of public toilets in Taipei. Two types of texts are created as the materials of analysis: the archi-text and the body-text of public toilets that highlight the microgeographies of toileting. Following the three stages of abjection theory, this thesis discusses the embodiment of abjection in details, focusing on the messiness of chora, the exclusive purification and symbolic demarcation across toilet space and body situation. It suggests that, from the drive of absorption, repulsion and demarcation, we can better understand the abject process between bodies, minds and spaces. Moreover, we can reconstruct the subject-in-process from the fluid boundaries of demarcation and transgression. Last but not the least, apart from the archi-text and body-text, this research recovers the missing-text embedded in the body dynamics of the cleaners. As both the subject- and object- bodies of abjection in process, they constantly bridge the abject gaps between toilet spaces and toileting bodies.en_US
dc.description.sponsorship地理學系zh_TW
dc.identifierGN0694230128
dc.identifier.urihttp://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0694230128%22.&%22.id.&
dc.identifier.urihttp://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/94295
dc.language中文
dc.subject公廁zh_TW
dc.subject賤斥zh_TW
dc.subject主體性zh_TW
dc.subject空間情境zh_TW
dc.subject身心處境zh_TW
dc.subjectpublic toiletsen_US
dc.subjectabjectionen_US
dc.subjectsubjectivityen_US
dc.subjectspatial situationen_US
dc.subjectbody/mind situationen_US
dc.title體現賤斥:公廁情境與身心處境的主體過程zh_TW
dc.titleThe Embodiment of Abjection: The Subject-in-Process of Public Toilet and Body Situationen_US

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