國小高年級學童從事規律運動行為相關因素之研究-以臺北市某國小為例

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2010

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本研究目的主要在探討國小高年級學童規律運動行為現況,及個人背景因素、社會心理因素與規律運動行為之間的關係。研究母群體為臺北市某國小五、六年級學童,採分層集束隨機抽樣法進行抽樣,並以自填式問卷為研究工具進行資料收集,共獲得有效問卷241份,所得資料以百分比、卡方檢定、單因子變異數分析、獨立樣本T檢定、赫德林T2檢定、積差相關、邏輯斯迴歸等統計方法進行分析。重要研究結果歸納如下: 一、 研究對象規律運動行為占全體學生四成六,主要運動項目為籃球、腳踏車、慢跑。 二、 個人背景因素與規律運動行為的卡方檢定結果顯示,各變項均未達顯著差異。 三、 研究對象規律運動行為與運動自我效能、運動享樂感及運動社會支持呈現顯著正向關係,與自覺運動障礙呈現顯著負向關係。 四、 由邏輯斯迴歸發現運動享樂感、運動自我效能可有效預測國小高年級學童之規律運動行為,其中以運動享樂感的影響最大。
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the current status of regular exercise of elementary students and to explore the relationships between demographic characteristics and socio-psychological variables. The subjects of the study were selected from the 5th and 6th graders of an elementary school in Taipei City. By using a stratified cluster sampling method and self-administered questionnaires, 241 valid samples were collected. One-way ANOVA, Chi-square test. Independent-Samples T Test, Hotelling T2 test and Logistic regresstion were used to analyze the data. The results of the study were summarized as follows: 1. Forty six point one percent had regular exercise. The main types of exercise participated by the subjects were basketball, bicycle riding, and jogging. 2. The demographic characteristics variables had no significant difference on regular exercise behavior. 3. The regular exercise behavior had significantly positive relationships with perceived self-efficacy for exercise, enjoyment for exercise and exercise social support, while significant negative relationship with perceived barriers for exercise. 4. Ejoyment for exercise and perceived self-efficacy for exercise were significant predictors of regular exercise behavior, and the former was a more important predictor than the latter.

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規律運動, 運動自我效能, 運動享樂感, 自覺運動障礙, 運動社會支持, regular exercise, perceived self-efficacy for exercise, ejoyment for exercise, perceived barriers of exercise, exercise social support

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