脊髓損傷者生涯信念與成功就業之相關性研究

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2011

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本研究旨在探討脊髓損傷者生涯信念與成功就業相關性,瞭解脊髓損傷者生涯信念提供脊髓損者以及實務工作者參考依據。本研究採調查研究法,研究對象為參與台北市脊髓損傷協會與台北縣脊髓損傷協會兩協會之會員。本研究所使用生涯信念調查包括兩部份:第一部份為脊髓損傷者背景變項,包含: 性別,年齡、教育程度、婚姻狀況、障礙等級、障礙期間;第二部份為生涯信念檢核量表。有效樣本195人。問卷回收後,以描述性統計、t檢定、單因子變異數分析及區別分析等統計方式進行資料處理與分析,歸納為以下結論: 一、脊髓損傷者成功就業率為31.28%,成功就業者以男性多於女性,40歲以下為主,障礙等級以中度居多,已婚多於未婚,高中以上為主,障礙期間以6年以上;在年齡、教育程度、障礙等級有顯著差異,在性別、婚姻狀況及障礙期間無顯著差異。 二、脊髓損傷者生涯信念普遍存有「逃避順從」此一生涯信念因素,在生涯信念分量表中以「彈性與變化」、「自我主張」、「遷居/開放意願」、「角色刻板印象」、「性別刻板印象」等五項生涯信念為主。 三、脊髓損傷未成功就業存有「逃避順從」與「刻板印象」信念,成功就業者較重視「自我價值」與「工作抱負」。 四、不同背景變與生涯信念關係,不同性別、年齡、教育程度、障礙等級其生涯信念上有不同背景之差異;婚姻狀況、障礙期間則在生涯信念上無顯著差異。 五、在六項背景變項及生涯六大因素方面,以「障礙等級」、「年齡」、「逃避順從」、「教育程度」的項目能預測脊髓損傷者就業狀況的選擇,本研究區別分析樣本結果,正確率達八成二,表示預測的準確度是高的。
This research is for the purpose of discussing the spinal cord injury career beliefs and the success employment relevance, understood that the spinal cord injury career beliefs provides spinal cord injury as well as the practice worker reference. This research use the investigation methodology, the object of study to participate in the Taipei Spinal cord injury Association and members of the New Taipei spinalcord injury association. This research institute use career beliefs investigates including two parts: The first part is variable for the spinal cord injury background, includes: Gender, age, education level, marital status, level of injury, time since injury; The second part is the career beliefs. Effective sample 195 people. After questionnaire recycling, by statistical ways and so on descriptive statistics, t-test, One-way ANOVA, discriminant analysis carries on the data processing and the analysis. The findings in this study were as folliws: 1. The spinal cord injury success employment rate is 31.28%, the success employment is the male, below 40 years old , level of injury :moderate majority, married , high school by on primarily, time since injury 6 years above. 2. The spinal cord injury career beliefs has “the escape to obey” generally. 3. The spinal cord injury has not succeeded the employment to have “the escape to obey” and “the mechanical impression” the beliefs.The merit employment takes “the self-value” and “the work aspiration”. 4. The different background changes with the career beliefs relations, different gender, age, education level, level of injury its career beliefs has difference of the different background; Marital status, time since injury in career beliefs not remarkable difference. 5. Six backgrounds and six career beliefs factors, “level of injury”, “age”, “the escape obeys”, “the education level” the project can forecast the spinal cord injury work status. The discriminant analysis result, the accuracy reaches 82%, indicated that this research accuracy is very high.

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脊髓損傷者, 成功就業, 生涯信念, spinal cord injury, employee, career beliefs

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