羅倫50年代旅居法國時期 英文歌曲之分析與詮釋報告

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2013

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羅倫(Ned Rorem, b.1923)為當代美國引以為傲的作曲家,且為時代雜誌譽為當代最佳藝術歌曲之作曲家,雖為美國人,但他從小即喜愛法國音樂,甚至自稱為法國人,50年代甚至旅居法國六年。 在法國的時光以居住巴黎(Paris)和耶爾(Hyères)為主,共創作了十九首英文歌曲,六首創作於巴黎,另外的十三首則是創作於耶爾。本次由於演唱時間的關係,選擇了其中的十七首作品,使用了詩人畢夏普(Elizabeth Bishop, 1911-1979)、布朗寧(Robert Browning, 1812-1889)、古德曼(Paul Goodman, 1911-1972)、洛吉(Thomas Lodge, 1558- 1625)、莫斯(Howard Moss, 1922-1987)、史坦(Gertrude Stein, 1874-1946)、懷特曼(Walt Whitman, 1819-1892)、葉慈(William Butler Yeats, 1865-1939)的詩作成為歌詞的內容,另外有兩首則是採用聖經內容,包含一首出自馬太福音(Matthew),一首出自路加福音(Luke)。 本篇論文,介紹羅倫的生平、歌曲創作風格與特色、及詩人的生平,並針對十七首於旅居法國時期所創作的美國歌曲進行樂曲分析與詮釋探討。希望藉由此研究對歌曲演唱有所幫助,也讓國人知道羅倫此時期英文歌曲創作手法及風格。
Ned Rorem (b.1923) is one of the most distinguished composers in America, and is called “the world's best composer of art songs” by Time Magazine. As an American, Rorem has been fond of French music and even calls himself French, and stayed in France for six years during the 50s. The time he spent in France was mainly in Paris and Hyères. During the time he composed nineteen English songs, and six of them were made in Paris while the other thirteen were made in Hyères. This thesis selects seventeen songs. The lyrics for most of them were the poems of Elizabeth Bishop (1911-1979), Robert Browning (1812-1889), Paul Goodman (1911-1972), Thomas Lodge (1558-1625), Howard Moss (1922-1987), Gertrude Stein (1874-1946), Walt Whitman (1819-1892) and William Butler Yeats (1865-1939), the other two were quotations of Bible, including one from Matthew and one from Luke. This thesis includes synopsis Rorem’s life, style and the description of the poets. Also, interpretation each of the seventeen American songs. I hope that my research will not only contribute to the field of musical performance but also inform others about the music and style of the Rorem period.

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羅倫, 美國歌曲, 畢夏普, 布朗寧, 古德曼, 洛吉, 莫斯, 史坦, 懷特曼, 葉慈, Ned Rorem, American Song, Elizabeth Bishop, Robert Browning, Paul Goodman, Thomas Lodge, Howard Moss, Gertrude Stein, Walt Whitman, William Butler Yeats

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