以現象學方法探討國內大規模線上開放課程授課教師經驗

No Thumbnail Available

Date

2015

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Abstract

教師的生活故事和實務經驗隱含智慧與理論。教師是真正具備有教學設計專業知識背景的人,研究MOOC授課教師經驗是有其重要性。本論文採取實踐的現象學觀點探討MOOC授課教師的實務歷程。 本論文聚焦在熱門的MOOC授課教師經驗,採取立意抽樣方式選取學聯網平台課程排名前茅的授課教師為研究對象。研究目的有二;描述MOOC授課教師經驗本質,以及探求MOOC授課教師經驗本質的意義。 研究發現教師需要瞭解及適應MOOC教學模式,更需要培養因應這種教學模式的教學專業素養。從描述MOOC授課教師經驗本質中,體現出MOOC的教學追求宏觀的教學目標,學用零落差的教學內容,編排故事性的教材形態,是較具有吸引學生參與MOOC的元素。受訪教師經驗本質的意義有展現親和力、說故事的能力、持宏觀的態度、抱著利他的心、做中學的精神等五項。本論文研究結果可以提供MOOC授課教師足以遵循及觀摩的實務經歷,有助於教師實踐MOOC教學的省思。 建議未來後續的研究,持續追蹤MOOC授課教師在MOOC平台挑戰創新教學作法的經驗。
The life story and practical experience of instructors often imply wisdom and brings forth theories. Instructors are professionals with expertise in instructional design knowledge. Therefore, it magnifies the importance of massive open online course (MOOC). This paper explores the practicality of MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) from a phenomenology point of view. In order to invesitgate the attractiveness of MOOC to the mass public, the paper focuses on the teaching experience of popular MOOC instructors that are chosen from judgemental sampling of the top rated instructors. There are two main objectives in this paper. The first objective outlines the essences of the instructors’ experience and the second objective investigates the meaning behind the essence. Studies have found out that teachers are required to understand and adopt MOOC teaching model. Further more, they need to develop their professional teaching characteristic in response to this model. The MOOC instructors’ teaching experience reflects MOOC’s macroscopic teaching objective. Moreover, learning to use zero variance teaching content and story line teaching material are the attractive factors for students’ involvement in MOOC. From the interview with MOOC instructors, the instructors’ experience presents five core significance. They are their friendly and amicable appeal, story- telling skill, macroscopic point of view, altruistic personality and learn-by-doing attitude. This study’s result will be able to provide MOOC instructors experiences which is inspiring and helpful in MOOC’s practice. It aids instructors in reflecting on their MOOC teaching practices. It is recommended to follow up with investigation of MOOC instructors’ experience in innovating their teachings on the MOOC platform.

Description

Keywords

大規模線上開放課程, 現象學, MOOC, Phenomenology

Citation

Collections