國中生課後運動參與行為及其阻礙因素之研究--以桃園縣為例

Abstract
本研究旨在瞭解桃園縣國中生課後運動參與行為之現況,並探討個人背景因素及運動阻礙因素與運動行為間之關係,以分層隨機抽樣,抽取桃園縣內1,020位國中生為研究對象,採運動參與程度量表、運動阻礙因素量表及個人一般參與狀況為問卷工具,進行問卷調查,有效問卷838份,回收率82%。根據所得資料,以描述性統計、因素分析、單因子變異數分析等統計方法進行資料分析。本研究結果如下: 一、研究對象從事規律性運動行為的比率男生(53.7%)較女生(46.3%)高;在每週運動次數方面,大多數的學生皆以每週運動2次居多。 二、研究對象大都與同學(朋友)一起從事運動;學校為其最常去的運動場所;籃球與散步是其課後最常從事的運動項目。 三、在運動之阻礙因素方面,研究對象認為:時間不足、場地設備不足、天候因素欠佳、器材裝備欠缺、課業太過繁忙等因素,較有可能阻礙其課後運動參與行為。 四、不同性別、年級、有無課後補習、參與運動社團等變項的桃園縣國中生,其與運動參與程度、運動阻礙間之比較,均呈現顯著差異(p<.05)。 根據研究結果得知,研究對象的課後運動參與行為會因背景變項的不同,而與運動參與程度、運動阻礙間呈現顯著差異;學校為其最常去的運動場所,因此,建議要提升國中生之課後運動參與就必須考量到這些因素,並提出有效之策略;適度開放校園運動場館及設施,以利學生與社區民眾從事運動之使用,以提高運動參與行為。
The aims of this research were to understand junior high students’ participation of extracurricular physical activities and the relationship among personal background, physical activity obstructive factors, and physical activity behavior. Through stratified sampling, 1020 students junior high school students in Taoyuan County were chosen as the research subjects. The questionnaire was implemented through the estimation chart of physical-activity participation, the estimation chart of obstructive factors on physical activities, and the condition of an individual’s participation. There were 838 effective questionnaires, and the return rate was 82%. Based on the information achieved, it was analyzed through descriptive statistics, factors analysis, and single factor variation analysis. Here are the results: 1. Among the research subjects who conduct physical-activities regularly, male subjects (53.7%) are more than female ones (46.39%). With respect to the frequency of physical activities, most students conduct them twice a week. 2. The research subjects usually conduct physical activities with their friends. Schools are the most common places they go; basketball and walking are the most frequent activities they do. 3. With regard to the obstructive factors of physical activities, research subjects think that a lack of time, the insufficient facilities of the place, the lack of sports equipment, and too much pressure from the studies are the possible factors that hinder physical-activity participation. 4. Junior high school students in Taoyuan with different gender, grade, whether going to cram school or not, and the sports clubs they join, are significantly different between their physical-activity participation and the comparison of obstructive factors on physical activities (p<0.5). From the results of the research, we know that the research subjects’ participation of physical activities and their physical-activity obstruction would differ from each other obviously due to their background variation factors. Schools are the most common places they go exercise. Therefore, it is suggested that these variation factors be taken into consideration in order to elevate junior high school students’ participation of extracurricular physical activities, and that effective strategy be brought up; open up school facilities and equipments for physical activities appropriately for students and residents to use and raise the participation of physical activities.
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Keywords
課後運動, 運動參與, 運動阻礙, extracurricular physical activity, participation of physical activity, obstruction of physicalactivity
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