台北市高中職學生菸品訊息接觸與菸害知識、拒菸態度及吸菸行為之相關研究 Study of the Correlation between tobacco information, knowledge of smoking hazard, anti-smoke attitude and Their smoking behavior of High School and Vocational High School Students in Taipei City

Date
2009
Authors
賴鍾璇
Chung-Hsuan Lai
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Abstract
本研究以橫斷性調查研究法,針對台北市高中職學生探討菸品訊息接觸對其菸害知識、拒菸態度與吸菸行為間的關係。本研究採問卷調查法,以分層集束隨機抽樣方式,選取九十七學年度第二學期台北市高中職日間部一年級至三年級學生共計18個班級,發出問卷906份,回收有效問卷840份,有效回收率達93%。重要結果歸納如下: 一、菸品訊息接觸方面,男生接觸菸品訊息的頻率較女生高、拒絕菸品訊息之態度也較女生負向;一年級學生拒絕菸品接觸之態度較二、三年級學生正向;學業成績愈好,其拒絕菸品接觸之態度也愈正向;而接觸菸品訊息的頻率愈高,菸害知識愈好,拒菸態度愈負向;拒絕菸品訊息之態度愈正向其拒菸態度也愈正向。 二、研究對象菸害知識平均答對率為六成八,屬中上程度;而高中學生對菸害的知識程度較高職學生佳。 三、研究對象拒菸態度趨於正向;女生、學業成績居班級前三分之一者,其拒菸態度較為正向;而二年級的拒菸態度較一年級、三年級負向。 四、研究對象吸菸率為12.1%,男生、高職生、學業成績居班級後三分之一者吸菸比率較高;將社會人口學變項控制之後,發現「拒絕菸品訊息之態度」、「菸害知識」及「拒菸態度」是吸菸行為最主要的預測變項。研究對象拒絕菸品訊息之態度及拒菸態度愈負向而菸害知識愈高者,愈傾向吸菸。 依據研究結果,本研究提出建議,期望能使相關單位正視媒體對青少年的影響,做為未來推廣相關媒體識讀上的參考。
This research is based in cross-sectional survey method and in accordance with students from senior high schools and vocational high school in Taipei city. This study is used questionnaire survey by stratified-cluster random sampling method. Selecting 18 classes from first grade to third grade of second semester in academic year of ninety-seven for senior high schools and and vocational high school in Taipei. There are 906 questionnaires. The effective return rate is 93%, a total sample size were 840 students. The important summary is as follows, 1.The aspect of getting the tobacco information, tobacco information frequency with male have higher chance than female and whose anti-tobacco information attitude are more negative. The first grade students and students who have better test result, whose anti-tobacco information attitude are more positive. The students, who have the higher chance with tobacco information frequency and have more knowledge of smoking hazard, are more negative for anti-smoke attitude. Students have more anti-tobacco information attitude are more positive for anti-smoke attitude. 2.The average of answering correct questions with knowledge of smoking hazard for students is 68%, which is ranged in the middle level, senior high school’s students have better knowledge of smoking hazard than vocational high school’s students. 3.In this study, female and students who have better test results are more positive for anti-smoke attitude. The second grade students are more negative than first grade students or third grade students. 4.The smoking ratio for researched students is 12.1% and the students who have higher smoking ratio are male, vocational high school’s students, students whose test results are ranged at one third behind in the class. Under the control of social population variable , we discover the major forecasted elements are 「anti-tobacco information attitude」、「knowledge of smoking hazard」、「anti-smoke attitude」. The researched students, who are more negative for getting the anti-tobacco information attitude and anti-smoke attitude and more knowledge for knowledge of smoking hazard, are tended to smoke. Based on above findings, this study provided some suggestions and expecting the relevant organizations to pay more attention on the media’s influence and using this research as the reference to promote relevant media literacy to the students in the future.
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Keywords
青少年, 菸品訊息接觸, 菸害知識, 拒菸態度, 吸菸行為, Teenager, Tobacco Information, Knowledge of Smoking Hazard, Anti-smoke Attitude, Smoking Behavior
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