Measuring the Effect of KnowledgeSharing and Knowledge Transfer on the Survival and Competitiveness of TaiwanICDF

Date
2013
Authors
Ulyses Augustine
Ulyses Augustine
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Abstract
Researches and studies on non-profit organizations (NPOs) strongly suggest that NPOs stand out as a critical actor in politics, economics and social welfare. Knowledge management (KM) has found strong support in For-Profit Organizations (FPOs), especially large organizations that require large scale application; however, little attention has been given to KM in Non-Profit Organizations. Even less focus has been given to the survival and competitiveness of TaiwanICDF. Since, large NPOs and FPOs have similar operational needs, such as human resources, IT resources, and customer services. The purpose of this study is to build a theoretical model for knowledge sharing, and knowledge transfer. Second, this study aims to identify several difficulties of knowledge sharing which may affect the survival and competitiveness of TaiwanICDF. Lastly, this study aims to utilize a system equation modeling to assess knowledge sharing and knowledge transfer. In order to achieve these objectives a KST Structural Model was built by Shih and Augustine, 2012. The sample of this study was drawn from 103 employees working in the International Cooperation and Development Fund (TaiwanICDF) in Taipei, Taiwan. Of useable questionnaire, 97 were included in the data analysis. Given the importance of knowledge sharing in today’s global knowledge economy, the PLS research findings indicates that there is a strong and positive effect between knowledge sharing culture, knowledge transfer, difficulties of knowledge sharing on survival and competitiveness. Also, the PLS findings reveal a moderately strong and negative effect between knowledge sharing culture and survival and competitiveness of non-profit organizations. The empirical finding in this study establishes the importance of this KST Structural Model in encouraging a knowledge sharing and knowledge transfer for the survival and competitiveness of non-profit organizations. Our PLS results clearly contribute to the existing management literature, as they offer empirical evidence of the impact of knowledge sharing and knowledge transfer on the survival and competitiveness of non-profit organization. Therefore, the four null hypotheses proposed in this study were rejected, so this research accepts the alternative hypotheses.
Researches and studies on non-profit organizations (NPOs) strongly suggest that NPOs stand out as a critical actor in politics, economics and social welfare. Knowledge management (KM) has found strong support in For-Profit Organizations (FPOs), especially large organizations that require large scale application; however, little attention has been given to KM in Non-Profit Organizations. Even less focus has been given to the survival and competitiveness of TaiwanICDF. Since, large NPOs and FPOs have similar operational needs, such as human resources, IT resources, and customer services. The purpose of this study is to build a theoretical model for knowledge sharing, and knowledge transfer. Second, this study aims to identify several difficulties of knowledge sharing which may affect the survival and competitiveness of TaiwanICDF. Lastly, this study aims to utilize a system equation modeling to assess knowledge sharing and knowledge transfer. In order to achieve these objectives a KST Structural Model was built by Shih and Augustine, 2012. The sample of this study was drawn from 103 employees working in the International Cooperation and Development Fund (TaiwanICDF) in Taipei, Taiwan. Of useable questionnaire, 97 were included in the data analysis. Given the importance of knowledge sharing in today’s global knowledge economy, the PLS research findings indicates that there is a strong and positive effect between knowledge sharing culture, knowledge transfer, difficulties of knowledge sharing on survival and competitiveness. Also, the PLS findings reveal a moderately strong and negative effect between knowledge sharing culture and survival and competitiveness of non-profit organizations. The empirical finding in this study establishes the importance of this KST Structural Model in encouraging a knowledge sharing and knowledge transfer for the survival and competitiveness of non-profit organizations. Our PLS results clearly contribute to the existing management literature, as they offer empirical evidence of the impact of knowledge sharing and knowledge transfer on the survival and competitiveness of non-profit organization. Therefore, the four null hypotheses proposed in this study were rejected, so this research accepts the alternative hypotheses.
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Keywords
Survival and competitiveness, knowledge sharing culture, transfer and difficulties of knowledge sharing, Survival and competitiveness, knowledge sharing culture, transfer and difficulties of knowledge sharing
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