建構臺灣高齡友善城市運動促進指標之研究 A study of exercise promotion index for age-friendly cities in Taiwan

Date
2015
Authors
呂宜澤
Lu, Yi-Ze
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Abstract
高齡友善城市 (Age Friendly City) 為世界衛生組織 (WHO) 因應全球高齡化所提出之指南,希望透過此指南讓全世界的高齡者都能在一個友善且舒適的環境裡達到活躍老化。然而,此指南應該隨著不同國家的情況進行修正,以符合當地的高齡者之需求,目前臺灣在高齡者健康的部分大多是採取後端的照護和醫療,而較缺乏前端的預防和積極的健康促進。因此,本研究從運動促進健康之觀點出發,並以高齡友善城市之發展概況為文獻基礎進行分析後,再進行德爾菲法經由專家小組的評估,並且運用分析層級程序法 (AHP) 進行各構面之間的權重比較,進一步提出建構臺灣高齡友善城市運動促進之指標,以提供臺灣相關單位發展高齡者所需運動環境之建議。
Population aging is the main issue of 21st century. For this reason, the World Health Organization proposed the global age-friendly cities guideline. The purpose of this guideline is to provide an age-friendly environment and to let elderly people active aging. However, the guideline should be amended by different cultures and situations in different countries. Recently, the elderly people in Taiwan mainly used medical care service, but lack of the concept of health promotion and prevention. Therefore, this study mainly focused on age-friendly cities’ overview. After Delphi method and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to develop Taiwan age-friendly cities’ exercise promotion index. This index is a suggestion to help the relevant authorities to create an age-friendly environment.
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Keywords
高齡者, 高齡友善城市, 運動促進, 指標, elderly people, age-friendly city, exercise promotion, index
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