非科學主修學生對全球暖化科學新聞報導與呈現之互動與反思 Non-Science College Students’ Interaction and Reflective Thinking for Global Warming News

Date
2016
Authors
周庭羽
Chou, Ting-Yu
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Abstract
近年來全球暖化現象所引發的變化,已經開始對人類生活有著相當大的影響,而科學新聞報導的功能之一就是能引起社會大眾對議題的重視。因此本研究除了了解網路科學新聞在報導全球暖化議題上,其呈現方式及報導內容面向的特性,也進一步探討非科學主修學生與科學新聞的互動反思,期望讓科學傳播能不同於以往只有單方面的傳遞資訊,達到雙向的互動。本研究以質性取向的文本分析法和半結構訪談法,蒐集「泛科學」及「環境資訊中心」發表的102篇全球暖化網路科學新聞,以及訪談16位非科學主修學生。研究結果發現在科學新聞呈現方式上:(一)全球暖化科學新聞的文字與圖表呈現特性,以無圖片及圖表的呈現最多、(二)全球暖化科學新聞報導類型呈現特性,以摘錄/摘譯的報導類型最多;實質報導內容面向:(一)全球暖化科學新聞的主題,以科學影響範圍報導類型為最多、(二)全球暖化科學新聞報導來源,以學術單位的報導來源為最多、(三)全球暖化科學新聞報導態度,以中立的報導態度為最多;非科學主修學生與科學新聞的文本互動方式,又可以分為對於科學新聞的認知包含:(一)科學專有名詞過於專業、(二)新聞報導篇幅過長、(三)不認同新聞主題、(四)不認同新聞報導內容、(五)新聞報導內容不夠詳細;非科學主修學生的態度分為:(一)信任的態度、(二)懷疑的態度、(三)完全不信任、(四)中立的態度、(五)沒有想法;願意分享的原因為:(一)分享新知識、(二)科學議題與生活環境相關;不願意分享的原因為:(一)沒有得到新知識、(二)不清楚新聞報導的內容、(三)無法引起興趣、(四)科學議題較難引起討論。對於全球暖化議題的反思包含自我的反思及對於社會的反思,並且提出對於科學新聞的期望。基於上述結果,本研究針對「泛科學」及「環境資訊中心」的網路科學新聞提出呈現方式及報導內容的建議,並針對未來研究建議,期盼能發掘科學新聞利用影音方式呈現時的特性。
Recently, the issues of global warming become worse and started to influence human’s life. One of the function of science report is to lead the public attention on this global warming issue. This research is not only aimed to examine from the perspective of communication how the media report global warming issues and the form of the science news, but also to discuss the non-science college students’ interaction and reflective thinking for global warming news. We expect that the science news reportcan be a two-way communication. This study is a qualitative research, conducted using textual analysis to collect and analysis 102 news papers from “PanSci” and “Taiwan Environmental Information Center” and using semi-structured interview to collect and analysis the 16 non-science college students’ who studied at Taipei city and New Taipei city. The results are as followed: The form of global warming news: (1) Most of science news coverage are “No text and Diagrams”; (2) Most type of science news coverage are “Extract”. The perspective of communication: (1) Most of news topic are “Science influence scope”; (2) Most of sources of report are “Experts in the field of science”; (3) Most of report attitude are “Neutral”. The non-science college students’ interaction with global warming news including these reasons, non-science college students’ cognition: (1) Too professional scientific terms; (2) News of their length; (3) Disagree news topics; (4) Disagree with the content of news stories; (5) News content is not detailed enough. Non-science college students’ attitude: (1) Trust; (2) Suspicion; (3) Mistrust; (4) Neutral; (5) No idea. And non-science college students’ willing to share news: (1) Sharing new knowledge; (2) Science issues related to the life; Reluctant to share news: (1) Do not get new knowledge; (2) Unclear the content of science report; (3) Unable to arouse students' interest; (4) Unable to arouse students' discussion. Non-science college students have the self-reflective thinking and society-reflective thinking for global warming issue. They also propose their expectation of science news. Based on the above results, the study provides some suggestions to “PanSci” and “Taiwan Environmental Information Center” to strengthen their form and way of the perspective communication. The future research issues is to analysis the characteristic of video science news.
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全球暖化, 網路科學新聞報導, 閱聽人研究, 文本互動, 反思表現, global warming, internet news report, audience research, interaction, reflective thinking
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