大學生學業不誠實行為及其相關因素之研究-以台北縣市四所大學為例 Academic Dishonesty among College Students and Its Related Factors-A study based on Four Universities in the Greater Taipei Area

Abstract
本研究旨在瞭解我國大學生的學業不誠實行為,探究大學生對學業不誠實的認知判斷、對同儕學業不誠實行為的知覺與本身學業不誠實行為的關係,並分析時間運用因素、背景變項與學業不誠實行為之間的關係。本研究以台北縣市四所綜合大學共897名學生為研究樣本,利用自編的「大學生學習與考試行為量表」為工具蒐集資料,並進行統計分析,再依據研究結果,提出結論與建議。本研究的結果與發現如下: 一、我國大學生的學業不誠實行為相當普遍,台北縣市有70.8% 的大學生至少在一年內曾參與一種以上的學業不誠實行為。 二、大學生對學業不誠實的認知判斷愈嚴格,則本身參與的學業不誠實行為愈少;若知覺同儕的學業不誠實行為愈多,則本身參與的學業不誠實行為也愈多;此二個變項可預測大學生本身學業不誠實行為。 三、男生比女生「對學業不誠實行為的認知判斷」較為寬鬆;19歲以下的大學生會知覺到較多的同儕學業不誠實行為;男性、私立或工學院的學生自陳參與較多學業不誠實行為;在班上學業成績排名倒數的大學生對作弊的嚴重性認知判斷較為寬鬆、也較會覺察到同儕的作弊,而本身參與的作弊行為也較多。 四、具有下述時間運用與品質特徵的大學生傾向參與較多學業不誠實行為: 平時上課較不專心的、課外每週投入學業有關活動的時間平均少於15小時的、自認為課外投入學業有關活動毫無收獲的、打工時數每週超過31小時的、打工從事餐飲服務或勞動工作的。
The study was to examine college students’ academic dishonesty, its relation to their perception of peers’ academic dishonesty, and the judgment of the seriousness of academic dishonesty. The factors related to academic dishonesty, such as student background variables and their time use were also examined. Data analyzed was collected with a self-developed questionnaire, which was administered to 897 college students from four universities in the Greater Taipei area. The main findings and conclusions are as follows: 1. Academic dishonesty is widespread. 70.8% of college students in the Greater Taipei area were involved in at least one of the 28 types of academic dishonesty within one academic year. 2. The college students’ academic dishonesty can be predicted from their perception of peers’ academic dishonesty and how serious do they view such offense. 3. Female students are more judgmental than their male counterparts toward academic dishonesty. Students under 19 years old perceived more academic dishonesty in their peers. Male students, or students at private universities, or in colleges of engineering confessed to have been more involved in academic cheating. Students of the bottom fifth in the class were less judgmental toward academic cheating, more aware of their peers’ cheating, and tended to commit cheating more frequently. 4. College Students with the following ways of using their time tended to cheat more frequently: those who were inattentive in class, who spent less than 15 hours per week on off-class academic activities, who felt their off-class academic activities as unproductive, who spent more than 31 hours per week on part-time jobs, and those worked in food service or were engaged in physical labor.
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Keywords
大學生, 學業不誠實行為, 作弊, 同儕知覺, 打工, college student, academic dishonesty, cheating, perception of peers’ cheating, part-time job
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