影響大學生親密關係分手調適因素之研究–以北部地區為例 The Influential Factors On University students' psychological adjustment following the end of romantic relationships - An example of Northern Taiwan area

Abstract
本研究旨在探討大學生社會支持、分手益處追尋與分手調適之相關研究,採立意取樣進行調查研究,回收後剔除廢卷共獲得有效719位北部地區大學院校大學部及研究生樣本;以「社會支持量表」、「分手益處追尋」、「分手調適量表」及「個人基本資料」為研究工具收集資料進行分析。 本研究所得之資料乃以SPSS 11.5進行資料處理,以描述統計、t考驗、卡方檢定、單因子變異數分析、皮爾遜積差相關進行統計考驗。分析結果如下: 一、現況 分手事件中,大學生感受到來自同儕支持明顯多於家人支持。大學生的分手益處追尋皆有正向的成長及體會。大學生分手調適狀況良好。 二、社會支持分析 性別與不同就學層級、戀愛對象、戀愛次數、分手方式其「社會支持類型」面向有顯著差異;而交往時間長短、分手距今時間其「社會支持類型」有顯著相關。不同性別、就學層級、戀愛對象、戀愛次數、分手方式其「社會支持來源」面向有顯著差異:而分手距今時間其「社會支持來源」有顯著相關。 三、分手益處追尋分析 大學生不同性別其「關係成長」面向有顯著差異。不同就學層級其「自我成長」與「愛情成長」有顯著差異。 四、分手調適分析 大學生不同分手方式、身體親密程度其「分手的痛苦」有顯著差異。不同性別、戀愛次數、分手方式其「愧疚感」有顯著差異。大學生不同性別、戀愛次數、戀愛對象、分手方式、身體親密程度其「被拒感」有顯著差異。不同戀愛次數其「轉移生活重心」有顯著差異。大學生不同分手方式、身體親密程度其「美好回憶」有顯著差異。性別、就學層級、戀愛次數、戀愛對象、分手方式、身體親密程度其「走出傷痛」有顯著差異。此外,交往時間長短與「愧疚感」、「美好回憶」、「信賴」、「走出傷痛」有顯著相關。而分手距今時間與「分手的痛苦」、「愧疚感」、「被拒感」、「轉移生活重心」、「美好回憶」、「信賴」、「走出傷痛」有顯著相關。 五、對分手調適之多元迴歸分析 性別、分手距今時間、身體親密程度對「分手的痛苦」有顯著解釋力;性別、戀愛次數、分手方式、交往時間長短與分手益處追尋對「愧疚感」有顯著解釋力;戀愛次數、分手方式、分手距今時間、身體親密程度、分手益處追尋對「被拒感」有顯著解釋力;性別、戀愛次數、分手距今時間、分手益處追尋對「轉移生活重心」有顯著解釋力;分手方式、分手距今時間、身體親密程度、社會支持對「美好回憶」有顯著解釋力;戀愛次數、分手方式、分手益處追尋與社會支持對「信賴」有顯著解釋力;性別、戀愛次數、分手益處追尋與社會支持對「走出傷痛」有顯著解釋力。 本研究根據以上的結果提出建議,供家庭、學校、各層面教育或輔導及未來研究之參考。
  This study aims to explore social support, fining breakup advantage, and breakup adjustment of university students. By using questionnaire survey method and judgmental sampling, the study obtained 719 valid samples from university students and graduate students in North Taipei Area. The instruments of the study include scale of social support, scale of fining breakup advantage, scale of breakup adjustment, and the personal information of the samples.   The data was processed with SPSS 11.5, and was analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, Chi-square test, one-way ANONA, and Pearson product- moment correlation. The results are followed: 1. Current status Concerning couples’ breakups, the university students feel much more support from the same generation than from family members. The university students’ fining breakup advantage has positive growth and experience. Moreover, the condition of breakup adjustment is also good.   2. Analysis of social support Gender, level of education, object of the love, number of relationships, and the way of breakup leads to a significant difference in the “type of social support”; however, a significant correlation in the “type of social supports” is found with the duration of the relationships, and the time spend from last breakup. Gender, level of education, object of the love, number of relationships, and the way of breakup leads to a significant difference in the “type of social support”; however, a significant correlation in the “type of social support” is found with the duration of the relationships. 3.Analysis of fining breakup advantage “The growth of relationship” varies significantly as the gender of the college students is different. The different grade in college brings about a significant difference in “the growth of ego” and “the growth of love ”.   4.Analysis of breakup adjustment A way of break-up and the degree of body intimacy of college students lead to a significant difference in their “pain of break-up”. Gender, the number of being in love, a way of break-up, and the degree of body intimacy of college students cause a significant difference in their “the felling of ashamed and uneasy”. Gender, the number of being in love, the object of love, a way of break-up, and the degree of body intimacy of college students result in a significant difference in their “the felling of refuse”. the number of being in love of college students bring a significant difference in their “shift the core of life”. A way of break-up, and the degree of body intimacy of college students lead to a significant difference in their “the happy memory”. Gender and different grade, the number of being in love, object of love, a way of break-up, the degree of body intimacy of college students leads to a significant difference in their “far away from the pain”. Furthermore, a significant correlation is found among the time from relationship beginning to break-up and “the felling of ashamed and uneasy”, “the happy memory”, “the trust”, “far away from the pain”. And a significant correlation is found among the time from the relationship break up to now and “pain of break-up”, “the felling of ashamed and uneasy”, “the felling of refuse”, “shift the core of life”, “the happy memory”, “the trust”, “far away from the pain”. 5.Results of multiple regression of breakup adjustment Gender, the time from the relationship break up to now, and the degree of body intimacy can predict “pain of break-up”. Gender, the number of being in love, a way of break-up of, the time from relationship beginning to break-up, and fining breakup advantage can predict “the felling of ashamed and uneasy”. The number of being in love, different ways of break-up, the time from the relationship break up to now, the degree of body intimacy , and fining breakup advantage can predict “the felling of refuse”. Gender, the number of being in love, the time from the relationship break up to now, and the degree of body intimacy can predict “shift the core of life”. A way of break-up, the time from the relationship break up to now, the degree of body intimacy, and social support can predict “the happy memory”. The number of being in love, different ways of break-up, and fining breakup advantage can predict “the trust”. Gender, the number of being in love, and fining breakup advantage can predict “far away from the pain”.   Suggestions are made according to the results shown above for family, school, various level of education or counseling and further studies.
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Keywords
分手, 社會支持, 分手益處追尋, 分手調適, breakup / the end of romantic relationships, social support, fining breakup advantage, breakup adjustment / psychological adjustment following the end of romantic relationships
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