大學生孝順責任中的提供照顧、公平知覺與自尊之相關研究 A Study on the Relation of Caregiving and Perceived Fairness of Filial Responsibility to Self-Esteem of College Students in Taiwan

Date
2011
Authors
歐怡秀
Ou Yi-Shiu
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Abstract
  本研究旨在探討大學生孝順責任中的提供照顧及公平知覺與自尊之間的相關,以及公平知覺是否調節提供照顧與自尊間之關係。本研究採便利取樣方式,從國內北區公私立大專校院中,抽取598名大學生作為研究對象,並採用問卷調查法進行資料蒐集。本研究所使用的研究工具包括「孝順責任量表」與「自尊量表」。調查所得資料以描述性統計、Pearson積差相關及多元階層迴歸之統計方法進行處理。本研究主要發現如下: 一、大學生孝順責任中的「提供照顧」與「自尊」之間沒有顯著相關。 二、大學生孝順責任中的「公平知覺」與「自尊」之間有顯著正相關。表示大學生的公平知覺愈高,則自尊也愈高。 三、大學生孝順責任中的「提供照顧」與「自尊」的關係,不會隨著其「公平知覺」之不同而有所不同。亦即大學生的提供照顧與自尊間的關係,並未受到公平知覺調節。提供照顧以及公平知覺是同時各自獨立地解釋大學生的自尊,而且公平知覺的預測力大於提供照顧。 最後,研究者根據本研究結果加以討論,並提出建議,以應用在諮商輔導、親職教育,並作為未來研究之參考。
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation of caregiving and perceived fairness of filial responsibility to self-esteem of college students in Taiwan, and to examine whether perceived fairness moderated the relation of caregiving with self-esteem. The samples comprised 598 students including national and private colleges in Taiwan. “ Filial Responsibility Scale” and “Self-esteem Scale” were the instruments used in this study, and the obtained data set were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson’s product-moment correlation and multiple hierarchical regression. The main findings are as follows: 1.There is no significant correlation between filial caregiving and self-esteem. 2.There is a positive significant correlation between perceived fairness and self-esteem, which means that the more the college students perceived their families to be fair, the higher self-esteem they reported. 3.Perceived fairness is not significantly moderate the relationship between filial caregiveing ahd self-esteem. Both caregiving and perceived fairness independently contribute to the variance in self-esteem. Furthermore, perceived fairness accounts for much more variance in self-esteem than caregiving. Finally, based on the results, implications of the study for counseling and parent education as well as suggestions for future research are proposed.
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Keywords
孝順責任, 提供照顧, 公平知覺, 自尊, 親職化, filial responsibility, caregiving, perceived fairness, self-esteem, parentification
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