三軍軍官學校整併決策模式之研究 A Study on the Model of Decision Making for the Military, Naval, Air Force Academy Mergers

Date
2010
Authors
張國光
Kuo-Kuang, Chang
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Abstract
本研究旨在建構三軍軍官學校整併決策指標,評定決策指標之相對權重,以及建構三軍軍官學校整併決策模式;期藉此研究發現,提供國軍人事政策單位,作為未來推動國軍軍事院校整併和策劃組織發展之參考依據。 本研究採三階段進行;第一階段為探索性研究,採文獻分析與德懷術,藉以完成調查問卷初稿,並建立層級結構指標系統的基礎。第二階段採層級分析程序(AHP)法,藉以分析各層級指標相對權重,並完成建構決策指標體系。第三階段以整數規劃將指標權重代入目標函數推導,建構三軍軍官學校整併決策模式。本研究具體結論如下: 一、建構三軍官校整併決策指標,在三大系統構面(教育輸入、教育過程與教育輸出)架構下,涵括十二項階層指標。 二、評定出三軍軍官學校整併決策三大系統構面及其十二項階層指標之相對權 重。教育輸入系統構面各決策指標相對權重比序為:教育資源(相對權重:0.125)、基礎設施(相對權重:0.085)、圖書資訊(相對權重:0.078)與教學品質(相對權重:0.057)等四項;教育過程系統構面:教學師資(相對權重:0.074)、創新研究(相對權重:0.047)、課程內容(相對權重:0.036)與行政管理(相對權重:0.032)等四項;教育輸出系統構面:教育滿意(相對權重:0.218)、學習效果(相對權重:0.111)、知識管理(相對權重:0.069)與社會服務(相對權重:0.068)等四項。 三、本研究透過實證分析,建構出三軍軍官學校整併決策模式,並求取目標函數最佳解,顯示模式可提供實務界參考。
The purposes of this study are to construct the evaluation indicators for the merging of the Military, Naval and Air Force Academy, to determine the relative weights of the indicators, and simultaneously to construct a decision-making model for the merger of the Military, Naval and Air Force Academy. It is hoped that the findings of this the research will provide reference and model for the military personnel policy maker to plan for the future implementation of the merger of the Military Academy. This research carries on three stages. The first stage is an exploratory study using literature survey and the Delphi technique questionnaire method. It completes the questionnaire’s first draft, and establishes the foundation for the hierarchy structure target system. The second stage uses the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to analyze various hierarchy targets’ relative weights, and completes the construction of a decision-making target system. The third stage uses the integer programming to incorporate target weights into the objective function inferential reasoning, and builds a decision- making model for the merger of the Military, Naval and Air Force Academy. The concrete conclusions from this research are as follows: First, the target indicators for the merger of the Military, Naval and Air Force Academy under the three large-scale system interface (education input, educates process and education output) includes 12 social stratum targets. Second, the relative weights of the education input interface are: education resources (relative weight: 0.125), infrastructure (relative weight: 0.085), library information (relative weight: 0.078) and teaching quality (relative weight: 0.057); of the education process interface are: Teaching quality (relative weight: 0.074), innovation research (relative weight: 0.047), curriculum content (relative weight: 0.036) and administration (relative weight: 0.032); of the education output interface: education satisfaction (relative weight: 0.218), study effect (relative weight: 0.111), knowledge management (relative weight: 0.069) and social service (relative weight: 0.068). Third, this research, through realistic diagnosis analysis, builds a decision-making model for the merger of the Military, Naval and Air Force Academy, seeks the objective function best solution, and demonstrates that the model may provide a practical reference.
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Keywords
整併, 決策模式, 決策指標, 相對權重, merger, model of decision, decision-making indicators, relative weight
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