老化教育課程對高職女生老化知識與對老人態度影響之研究 An Experiment Study on Effect of Senior High School Students’Aging Knowledge and Attitude Toward Old People by Aging Educational Teaching

Abstract
摘要 本研究旨在瞭解高職幼保科女生的老化知識及對老人態度,並發展老化教育課程,並且探討老化教育課程對高職幼保科女生老化知識提昇、對老人態度改變之效果。 本研究採準實驗研究設計,選擇台北縣一所高職幼保科的學生,總共四個班級,採取solomonn四群組設計的研究方式,將受試對象分成四組,實驗A組與對照A組學生接受前測的處理,實驗B組與對照B組不做前測處理,四組於實驗活動結束均接受後測及後後測。實驗組學生接受實驗教學活動,對照組學生則進行一般課程。在課程活動的前後依照研究設計,給予不同組別前測、後測及後後測,以瞭解教育介入後的成效。 結果發現: 一、高職幼保科女生的老化知識在教育介入前偏低,對老人態度在教 育介入前則已偏向正向。 二、實施老化教育教學活動後,對受試對象的老化知識有顯著的提 昇,但在對老人態度上則無顯著差異。 三、老化教育教學課程的介入,不受學生個人背景不同而有影響。 四、老化教育課程的實施,以多元設計課程並結合生活經驗的課程設 計能有效提昇學生的學習成效及興趣。
Abstract The study aims at understanding of girl students’ aging knowledge and attitude toward old people in Child Care Department of vocational senior high school and at the development of aging educational courses. It probes into the improvement of girl students’ aging knowledge and the effect upon attitude toward aging people due to aging educational courses. This research adopts the experiment to study and design. I choose students from four classes who study in the Child Care Department of avocational senior high school in Taipei county. ⅡⅡThe research design is developed by Solomonn four groups. The experimenters were divided into four groups: Experiment A group, Contrst A group, Experiment B group and Contrst B group. The previous two groups accepted pre-test before the experiment; on the contrary, the following two groups didn’t. All four groups received post-test and post post-test after the experiment. Experiment A and B groups adopted experimental courses; Contrast A and B groups took general courses. Based on the prior research design, the four groups were given pre-tests, post-tests, and post post-tests before and after the experiment for the purpose of understanding the results after educational courses. The results are as follows: 1. The aging knowledge possessed by the vocational senior high school girl students is on the low side before getting involved in education. However, their attitude toward old people has already leant to positive before education gets involved. 2. After implementation of educational courses, the aging knowledge possessed by the experimenters is obviously promoted, but there is no notable difference of showing on the attitude to old people. 3. With the involvement of aging educational courses, the final results are not influenced by personal background of each student.
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Keywords
老化教育, 老化知識, 對老人態度, aging educational, aging knowledge, attitude of toward old people
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