某技術學院學生生死態度相關因素之研究 The Study of Influencing Factors on College Students’ Attitude Toward Life and Death

Date
2007
Authors
謝伶麗
Ling-Li Hsieh
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Abstract
摘要 本研究主要目的在探討技術學院學生生死態度之相關因素。研究以九十四學年度第一學期就讀於某技術學院四技的全體學生共2120人為研究對象,採分層叢集抽樣法,共獲得有效樣本431人,以t 檢定、單因子變異數分析、Scheffe’s事後比較、皮爾森積差相關及多元迴歸分析進行統計分析,研究結果如下: 1、學生的生死態度傾向正向,依序為:生命的吸引最高,死亡的排斥第二,死亡的吸引第三,生命的排斥最低。 2、學生的社會支持及社會支持滿意度屬於中上程度,其中以朋友支持及情緒支持最高。 3、學生的性別、是否與父母同住、自覺身心健康狀況、經歷親友死亡經驗、親友死亡產生的衝擊、父母有一方過世者、父母親管教方式與其生死態度有關。 4、學生的社會支持、社會支持滿意度與生死態度、生命的吸引呈現正相關。社會支持、社會支持滿意度與生命的排斥呈現負相關。社會支持滿意度與死亡的吸引呈現負相關。 5、學生的性別、自覺健康狀況、父母親管教方式、社會支持與社會支持滿意度對生死態度、生命的吸引、生命的排斥、死亡的吸引有預測力。 最後針對本研究結果提出具體建議,以作為生死態度之教育、輔導以及後續研究之參考。
Abstract The purpose of this study was to understand the influencing factors on college students’ attitude toward life and death .The population included 2120 students were studied by using stratified cluster sampling method, one-way ANOVA , Scheffe’s method,, Pearson’s product moment correlation and multiple regression. The study shows that: 1、The students’ attitude toward life and death was positive. Their attraction to life ranked highest ,their repulsion by death ranked second , their attraction to death ranked third , and their repulsion by life ranked last. 2、The students’ social support was above the average .They social support was mainly from friends and emotional. 3、The students’ attitude toward life and death was connected with gender、living with parents,the subjective status of mental and physical health ,the experience of relatives’ and friends’ death,the impact of relatives’ and friends’ death, parents’ death, and parenting style. 4、The students’ social support and social support satisfaction were positively correlated with their attitudes toward life and death and the attraction to life. The students’ social support and social support satisfaction were negatively correlated with their repulsion by life. The students’ social support satisfaction was negatively correlated with their attraction to death. 5、The students’ attitude toward life and death and attraction to life, their repulsion by life and their attraction to death can be predicted through gender, the subjective status of mental and physical health, parenting style, the social support and social support satisfaction. Based on these findings. Some recommendations have been drawn which can be the references as the educational and counseling on college students’ attitude toward life and death and further researches.
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Keywords
技術學院學生, 生死態度, 社會支持, college students, attitude toward life and death, social support
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