實驗小學校園空間規劃研究-以種籽實小為例

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2012

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教育環境的改變,逐漸地重視學校建築、課程朝向學校本位發展、科技資訊普遍及升學管道的多元化,使學校裡良好教學空間的發展有著更趨成熟的實踐條件。校園的環境空間規劃不僅是注重建築物本身的配置與功能,如何將校園自然環境與建築物協調,創造出理想、溫暖的校園是值得省思的課題。本研究之研究對象為由家長所發起創立的教育改革學校「台北縣烏來鄉信賢種籽親子實驗國民小學」,簡稱種籽實小。其具體研究目的探討,其內容包括: 一、調查案例學校空間配置。 二、探討案例學校校園各空間規劃特色。 三、分析學校中軟體(教育理念、教學教材)與硬體(校園環境、設備)之間的關係。 最後,根據研究結果提出實驗小學校園空間規劃之建議。 依照案例學校個別特色理念,分析相關文獻進行初步的了解,並依據學校教育特色與校園規劃的原則進行校園環境的觀察法,利用非結構式訪談了解使用者實際在使用校園環境的認知與想法。本研究將種籽實小之校園空間規劃實例分析有以下特點: 一、維持自然共生的校地規劃 二、具備彈性整合的教育空間 三、強調互動關係的生活場所 四、重視個別差異的自主學習 五、運用簡單直覺的動線變化。 綜合上述,期望本研究能提供實驗小學校園空間規劃之參考,有助於真正落實校園特色規劃。
The changings in educational environment, like emphasis on school architecture gradually、 course development towards school-base、 popularization of scientific and technology, and diversification of educational advancement, make the conditions of practicing the development of better educational space became more mature. Spatial planning of the campus environment is not only focus on the configuration and function of the buildings itself, but how to coordinate the natural environment and buildings in campus, creating the ideal and warm campus is also a topic worthy of reflection. The subject of this research were a parent initiated educational reform school – “Taipei County Wulai Township Shin Shian Seedling Parental Experimence Elementary School ”, abbreviation for “the Seedling Experimental School”. Their specific research contents include: 1. Case investigation of school space configuration. 2. Investigating campus space using condition. 3. Analysis the relationship between the software (teaching materials, educational philosophy) and the hardware (environment, equipment) . Finally, put forward the recommendations of campus space planning for The Seedling Experimental School according to the result of research. According to individual characteristics of the case school, analysis related articles to obtain the preliminary understanding, proceeding the observation of the campus environment based on the principle of characteristics of school education and campus planning, using non-structured interview to understand the cognitive and ideas of users when they were using the campus environment. This research obtain the following characteristics by analysis the campus space planning of the Seeding Experimental School: 1. Maintain the symbiotic relationship with natural in school planning 2. With elastic integrated educational spaces 3. Living places with interactive relationship emphasized 4. Initiative learning attaches importance to individual differences 5. Using simple instincts in traffic flow changes

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校園空間, 空間規劃, 自主學習, 實驗小學, campus space, space planning, initiative learning, experimental school

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