勞動者「台灣勞動階層的生活哲學」之創作研究 Labourers—Research on the Creation of “The Living Philosophy of Working Class at Taiwan ”

Date
2009
Authors
李弘毅
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Abstract
台灣在二次戰後五十餘年間,西畫家受到外來美術潮流的刺激,在快速的藝術活動交替中,接受歐洲的繪畫傳統、吸取東洋繪畫經驗、美國當代思維的刺激,以及堅持傳統繪畫功能的前蘇聯與中國近代繪畫的影響。繁雜而龐大的藝術資訊對台灣藝術同時作用與影響,使台灣的藝術發展顯得多樣而龐雜。鑑此,筆者透過藝術理論、藝術史與繪畫創作探討,對法國「寫實主義」、「自然主義」、「印象主義」與「俄羅斯社會寫實主義」等以勞動者為主題的作品,進行分析與比較,嘗試以台灣勞動階層的生活型態為主題,創作「勞動者」系列作品。希望透過此研究,理解以勞動者為主題在繪畫中的藝術性、社會性與美學意涵。 本創作研究旨在探索創作的藝術語言,包括勞動者主題、內容、形式,希望表達出對台灣勞動者獨特的生命觀察。筆者以熟悉的農漁民工作、樸真面孔與土地為內容、並重新組織形式,試著將抽象的複雜情緒轉成具像的表現手法,又結合接近特寫方式處理人、自然與土地的緊密關係。希望藉本創作研究,對個人藝術創作做更清楚的定位與釐清。 本篇創作論文以六個章節為架構,以下為各章節之摘要: 第一章、 緒論: 敘述筆者創作之動機與目的、創作內容及方法。 第二章、 題材探討與創作思想: 探討關於「勞動者」文字意涵與此類作品在西方藝術的脈絡和美學特質。 第三章、 勞動者與其繪畫美感之關係(理論基礎) 探究寫實主義繪畫風格與勞動議題的關係,釐清不同時代、不同社會的勞動形象何以成為繪畫的美感表現,並從鄉村與城市之間的差異看勞動中的英雄象徵。 第四章、 創作的形式與內容 試述個人創作形式與內容,並以單色背景與大特寫主題的結合表現,處理不同的時空感受,並解析當代繪畫的常用手法。以構圖、光、色、形及油畫語言,突顯勞動者辛勤的肢體勞動象徵與樂天知命的生命態度。並藉由平常生活中與記憶中的勞動英雄的形象,探討台灣勞動階級勤奮的精神與敬天的道德實踐。 第五章、 媒材使用與作品說明 試簡述個人媒材使用並逐件說明創作作品。 第六章、 結論 個人創作心得與未來繪畫展望。
In the five decades after the Second World War, the painters in Occidental styles at Taiwan,, in the rapid alterations of artistic trends, were stimulated by various foreign artistic trends. Namely, they accepted European traditions, absorbed Oriental painting arts as well as American contemporary ideas, and insisted on the traditional functions of painting of the former URSS and China. All this sophisticated and enormous artistic information affected at the same time at the arts of Taiwan, making them pluralist and sophisticated. Due to this, through the artistic theories, histories and painting creation, I intended to study the realistic, naturalist and impressionist works of France with “labourers” as subject, trying to analyze and compare them with the present state of life of Taiwanese labourers as my topic, thus finished a series of works named “Labourers”. By way of this study, I wish to comprehend the artistic, social and esthetic characters of the painting with labourers as subject. The main point of this study is, thus, to investigate the artistic languages of the labourers, including the very subjects, contents and forms, and to express my observations of the unique style of life of the labourers at Taiwan. I put as my contents the life of both farmers and fishermen, their modest features, together with the land itself, with which I am so acquainted, and reorganized the images of these figures, having tried to transform the abstract and complicated emotions of these figures in concrete expression. I also made a feature of the close relationships between the human beings and the Nature, especially the land. Through this study, I hope to set and make clearer the orientation of the creation of my works of art. The structure of this thesis is then composed of six chapters. Here are their respective summaries. Chapter I: Preface The preface narrates the motivation, the purposes, the contents, and the methods of my creation. Chapter II: Research of the subject and the idea of the creation: This chapter makes mainly a research of the significance of the term “labourer” and its context and esthetic characters in the Occidental arts. Chapter III: Theoretic bases: relationship between the very labourers and their esthetics Here the relationship between the realistic style of painting and the topic of laboureres will be investigated. The reason why the images of labourers in diverse generations and societies could be objects of the painting will be presented. The symbols of the working heroes will also be touched by contrasting their differences in countries and in cities. Chapter IV: Forms and topic of the creation: In my own opinion, I try to explain my forms and topic of the creation. I have used the combination of the single-coloured background and the features of the figures of interest, to analyze how painters of this generation make up their painting of living and static pictures, and thus manifest the diligence of the labourers and their optimist way of life. By putting forward the images of the working heroes who appeared in my daily life and in my memories, I will also investigate the spirit of diligence of Taiwan and the morality of respecting the God. Chapter V: Illustration of the creations: The works of art here presented will be illustrated one by one. Chapter VI: Conclusion What I gained from the creation and my prospect of the painting will be related here.
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Keywords
人相特徵, 勞動階層, 寫實主義, physiognomy, working class, realism
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