教師視力保健教學行為意圖及其相關因素研究~以台北市某國小為例 A study on elementary school teachers' behavioral intention of visual care and related factors - a survey in an elementary school in Taipei city

Date
2015
Authors
陳佳欣
CHEN CHIA HSIN
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Abstract
本論文的研究目的在探討臺北市國小教師視力保健教學知識、態度、行為、自我效能之現況。以自編結構式問卷為工具,採隨機抽樣選擇臺北市某國民小學之全校教師為研究對象,有效問卷共91份。本研究的重要結果如下: 研究對象的社會人口學變項中,教師視力保健教學知識有關的是「性別」呈現顯著正相關。教師視力保健教學態度與行為中「是否有子女」、「婚姻狀況」都呈現顯著正相關。 視力保健教學自我效能對視力保健教學行為間呈現顯著正相關。 研究對象的教師視力保健教學自我效能能有效預測其教師視力保健教學行為意圖,研究對象教師視力保健教學自我效能正向者,其視力保健教學行為意圖越佳。 本研究依結論提出對未來學校以及教育行政單位之建議與改進方針,以提高研究對象視力保健教學的實施。
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine the correlations between the knowledge, attitude, behavior intention and self-efficacy of visual care for an elementary school teachers in Taipei city. A self-designed constructed questionnaire was used as the research tool. An elementary school in Taipei city was purposive sampled for this study. All 91 teachers in this elementary school fulfilled the questionnaires. The main results of this study were as follows: 1.We found a positive correlation between the knowledge of visual care and gender. Additionally, “having children’’ and ”marital status” also showed positive correlation with the attitude of visual care. 2.There was a positive correlation between teachers’ self-efficacy of visual care and visual care behavior. 3.The self-efficacy of visual care can significantly explain the variation of visual care behavior. Teachers with good performance in self-efficacy of visual care will do well in visual care behavior. This study provides suggestions for educational administrations and future research to improve student myopia preventions in elementary schools.
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國小教師, 視力保健教學知識, 視力保健教學態度, 視力保健教學行為, 視力保健教學自我效能, elementary school teachers, visual care knowledge, visual care attitude, visual care behavior, visual care self-efficacy
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