恐怖美學應用於霸凌議題海報創作研究 Poster Creation:The Aesthetics of Horror utilized in Bullying Issues

Date
2020
Authors
顏若筑
Yan, Jo-Chu
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Abstract
人們從單純的來往到精緻的社會化行為之中,衍生了霸凌文化。霸凌隱藏在人類社會化與國家進步歷程之中,成了社會中極重要卻也常被忽視的議題。對於是非對錯的認知判斷,囿於立場與諸多因素而常處於模糊地帶,不再以社會道德角度去思考。霸凌不再是單一的欺壓與抵抗的反社會行為,而是一種行為情境更複雜的利害對應關係。面對需要更加複雜思考的世界,海報媒體特性具有審視議題的功能性,亦可承擔新世代賦予的任務與展現。本研究目的為呼籲人性平衡,期許透過議題參與感實踐公民權責並喚起社會公平正義。從文獻分析中得知,霸凌行為的三種特性:加害、被害、旁觀,以及恐怖美學的表現特徵;輔以,當今時下難解的社會議題以敘事海報方式呈現。從案例分析中取樣冷戰時期-二次世界大戰後時期之海報創作,以區域性代表-波蘭海報創作與聯盟性代表-AGI國際平面設計聯盟之中分析應用恐怖符號元素,透過敘事性的視覺張力與中文字義意境表達霸凌情境的八種困境:排擠孤立、循環、暴力、施壓、自我膨脹、盲目、無視、選擇,達到宣傳與說服的功能性,引起觀看者進入情境的七種解讀:加害者、受害者、默許者、助虐者、旁觀者、陪伴者、護衛者身份感受。結合恐怖美學學理與元素解析、霸凌與海報的探討,製作八個主題,每個主題各兩個作品:因與果,共16張海報作品。經由創作驗證後,獲得結論如下:一、打破菁英主義觀念的社會強弱刻板印象,跟上世界化風潮使第三勢力覺醒。二、喚醒霸凌之中沈默的旁觀者,鼓勵其道德參與恢復群體人性平衡。三、落實公民權責教育,能促進群體中理性溝通與和平共存。四、透過海報的恐怖美學的嚇阻作用審視自我於社會行為中的表現。
Bullying issues,formed in the progress of the elaborated socialization evolution,are important issues in society nowadays but often overlooked.In addition,bullying issues are implicit in the progress of civilization of a country.People are used to making judgement according to their background or stances rather than social norms,which leads to blurred conclusions of bullying issues.Therefore bullying issues are insufficient to be seen as unilateral acts of oppression or resistance.Rather,bullying issues can be seen as corresponding relations between advantage and disadvantage.The purpose of the study is to advocate the balance of humanization,through the issues participated,realized social justice and citizenship.According to literature review,there are three characteristics of bullying:Harm,Injured,Bystand,and the three characteristics would be supplemented by narrative posters.In the case study,we take the samples of horror elements during the cold war period in the post-world war ll,using regional-Polish poster creations and alliance-AGI poster creations,to analyze elements.Through the narrative visual tensions and the meaning of Chinese words,we try to convey eight dilemmas in bullying situation:Isolation,Circle,Violence,Pressure,Self-admiration,Blindly-Follow,Ignore,Choice,and lead viewers to 7 interpretation of the dilemmas:Perpetrators,Victims, Acquiesces,Helpers,Bystanders,Companions,Guardians. After verification and 16 posters creation,the conclusions are as follows: 1.Breaking the Elitism in society,keeping up with the trend of globalization to wake up the 3rd force of the group.2.Awaken the bystanders in the bullying. 3.Promote rational communication and coexistence among groups.4.Recognition of bullying behaviors and reflection of self behavior.
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Keywords
恐怖美學, 霸凌, 公民權責, 海報, The Aesthetics of Horror, Bully, Citizenship, Posters
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