探討詩、琴、樂韻間的關聯—以舒伯特《流浪者幻想曲》作品15及李斯特《佩托拉克第104號十四行詩》為例 A Discussion of the Relationships Between Poetry, Songs, and Piano Music in"Schubert's Wanderer Fantasy in C Major, Op.15" and "Liszt's Sonetto 104 del Petrarca, S. 161, No. 5"

Date
2021
Authors
李坤宜
Li, Kun-Yi
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Abstract
十八世紀法國大革命引發浪漫主義的興起,藝術創作開始朝向自由意志,帶動音樂抒發情感的創作,也讓創作的靈感來源越來越廣泛,甚至開始大量出現文學與音樂的結合,音樂的創作不再只局限於皇宮貴族,樂曲的寫作有了作曲家本人的意識以及其所想要表達的情緒,都將在音樂中一覽無遺。法蘭茲・舒伯特與法蘭茲・李斯特是浪漫時期重要的音樂家,舒伯特有「歌曲之王」支撐,李斯特則被後人稱為「鋼琴之王」。舒伯特的作品《流浪者幻想曲》以及李斯特《佩托拉克第104號十四行詩》兩首與詩文、聲樂曲、鋼琴曲皆有關聯,因此本詮釋報告將針對四個主題進行討論,分別是探討詩文、聲樂曲與鋼琴曲間的關聯、當時的社會背景所帶動的新創作手法、分析兩首鋼琴曲與聲樂曲之間的關聯性、以及其創作與改編手法。期望在經過分析後將其創作的心情帶入演奏時的氛圍中,讓音樂演奏更具有情境與靈性,而不再只是單純演奏音符。
The Romanticism rose during the French Revolution in the eighteenth century. Free will became the main method for artists. Music was no longer the privilege of royalty and nobility, which led to the creation of emotional expressions of music. It also made the source of inspiration more and more extensive. Composers consciously expressed personal emotions through his works. None musical elements, such as literature, paintings, sculptures are strong influences for music writings. Therefore, the combination of poetry and music, which influenced the prosperity of art songs, also became an important inspiration for piano works.Franz Schubert and Franz Liszt are two of the most important musicians in the Romantic Era. Schubert’s “Wanderer Fantasy” and Liszt’s “Sonneto 104 del Petrarca” both have the connection with poetry, vocal work in his piano works. Composers took this opportunity to explore the connection between poetry, vocal works and piano works, as well as the rising new techniques of composing due to the social background of the time. The main purpose of this thesis is to analysis the structure of both works. By comparing the none piano sources, such as songs, the emotion of the poems help performers to understand the music more thorough.
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浪漫主義, 舒伯特, 李斯特, 流浪者, 幻想曲, 佩托拉克, Romanticism, Schubert, Liszt, Wanderer, Fantasy, Petrarca
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