台北市錦華里成年婦女之家庭環保行為研究

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2002

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本研究以台北市錦華里二十歲以上成年婦女為研究對象,進行家庭環保行為研究。研究過程採系統抽樣方法,共抽出正式樣本300人,由研究者將問卷發送予研究對象,待填寫完成後收回,共得有效樣本245份。所得重要結果如下: 一、 家庭環保行為經過因素分析後,可分為八個行為類型,包括:「教育/惜物行為」、「節省資源行為」、「使用二手用物行為」、「利用公共設施行為」、「塑膠袋減量行為」、「垃圾減量行為」、「愛護自然環境行為」、「營造無毒住家行為」。 二、 進行家庭環保行為的動機經由因素分析後,可區分為七個主要動機,包括:「環境關懷/環境責任因素」、「社交/自我實現因素」、「趨利避害因素」、「行動價值觀/心理/角色因素」、「節儉價值觀因素」、「歸屬感因素」、「經濟獲得因素」。 三、 進行家庭環保行為的主要阻礙因素為:「所謂的環保產品或廠商,沒有公信單位的確保」、「有機產品的價錢較高」、「個人的能力有限」、「不曉得有哪些較簡單的、有利於環保的做法」。 四、 年齡大、教育程度高、已婚者、有參加團體、有參加環保課程者執行家庭環保行為的動機較強。 五、 「教育程度」、「婚姻狀況」、「家中有無就讀國中小學的孩童」、「職業」、「參加環保課程」、「參加環保活動」、「環境關懷/環境責任因素」動機、「社交/自我實現因素」動機、「趨利避害因素」動機、「節儉價值觀因素」動機、「歸屬感因素」動機、「經濟獲得因素」動機、「阻礙因素」等變項對家庭環保行為有顯著影響。
Subject research is a family pro-environment behavior analysis with objects as women who lived in Jin Hwa Li, Taipei City and aged above twenty years old. The methodology is systematic sampling and three hundred formal samples obtained, which operated by issuing questionnaires to interviewee and collecting from them after the questionnaires completed. Effective samples are two hundred and forty five. After data collected, analysis was conducted by descriptive statistic, factor analysis and multi-regression analysis. The important findings are listed below: A. After factor analysis, the family pro-environment behavior of objects can be classified into eight behavior types, e.g. ‘education/cherish goods behavior’, ‘resources saving behavior’, ‘second-hand products utilization behavior’, ‘public facility utilization behavior’, ‘reducing plastic bags volume behavior’, ‘reducing garbage volume behavior’, ‘cherish natural environment behavior’, ‘built anti-toxic family behavior’. B. After factor analysis, motivation of interviewees to perform pro-environment behavior can be classified into seven styles, e.g. ‘environmental concern /environmental responsibility factor’, ‘social/sel-actualization factor’, ‘pursue benefit and avoid harm factor’, ‘action value/psychology/roll factor’, ‘frugal value factor’, ‘belongingness factor’, ‘economic acquirement factor’. C. The main obstacles to perform pro-environment behavior by objects are’ no reputable organization’s guarantee to the products/manufactures which claimed to be pro-environment ‘,’ higher price of organic products’, ‘limitation of own capability’, ‘lack of knowledge to practice an easier and pro-environment behavior’. D. Women, who are elder, well-educated, having social group exposure, and having experience in pro-environment course, are more motivated to carry out pro-environment behavior. E. Following items also affect family pro-environment behavior: ‘education level’, ‘marriage status’, ‘whether have children in elementary school/ junior high school or not’, ‘occupation’, ‘social group exposure’, ‘pro-environment course experience’, ‘’pro-environment activity experience’, motivation of ‘environmental concern/environmental responsibility factor’, ‘motivation of social/sel-actualization factor’ ,motivation of ‘pursue benefit and avoid harm factor’, motivation of ‘frugal value factor’, motivation of ‘belongingness factor’, motivation of ‘economic acquirement factor’, ‘obstacle factor’, etc.

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台北市錦華里, 成年婦女, 家庭環保

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