愛爾蘭kap台灣語言政策ê比較

No Thumbnail Available

Date

2017

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Abstract

   摘 要   愛爾蘭佮台灣仝款攏是ê島國,隔一个海峽攏有強國。本土語言攏遭受殖民統治者以足無平等ê語言政策企圖消滅。大多數ê國家佮人民攏有自己ê語言,愛爾蘭佮台灣主要語言攏毋是家己ê語言。 1922年愛爾蘭脫離英國成立自由邦,愛爾蘭語就成做國家語言、第一官方語言,政府就開始挽救愛爾蘭語,學生囡仔佇學校uì拜一到拜五每日上一節愛爾蘭語課,以前毋但公務人員、銀行員、警察考試,學生欲畢業攏著通過愛爾蘭語考試,到這陣若以愛爾蘭語參加公務員等考試會當得著加分。佇公共場所攏看會著愛爾蘭語文ê標示,但是愛爾蘭語猶是限tī愛爾蘭語區或者是佇學校上課中講爾爾,佇街仔路無人咧講,2016年調查統計愛爾蘭語已經成為第四濟人講ê語言。 台灣文化部目前當佇咧彙整民間意見,研究、規劃台灣各族群語文使用平等、互相包容多元語言以及會使永續發展ê「國家語言發展法」,愛爾蘭政府復振愛爾蘭語ê困境真值得咱研究佮學習。 本研究主要以訪談愛爾蘭人佮台灣人、台語支援教師來探討愛爾蘭佮台灣語言政策發展ê困境佮今後努力ê方向。
Abstract Both Ireland and Taiwan are island countries. They share the same situation of having strong neighboring countries right across a straight. Most countries have their own native languages while Ireland and Taiwan's native languages had been deracinated by their colonial rulers, so that both of these countries' current main languages are no longer their original native languages. Irish language has become the national language, first official language of Ireland since it had gained independence from the United kingdom in 1922. Irish government has been working on language reservation and education. Students have to take one hour of Irish language course a day from Monday to Friday. The Irish citizens, no matter the government officers, bank employees, police officers, or students who want to graduate from schools, all must pass Irish language exams. Moreover, the government officers will get more credit if they attend the government exam by using Irish language. The Irish language signboards have been appearing in the public areas of Ireland island-wide. However, the Irish language is not widely used, not even spoken on streets while only limited in gaeltachtaí (Irish language areas) or language courses at schools. Statistics shows that Irish language has now become the ranking number 4 speaking language in Ireland. Taiwan Ministry of Culture is currently gathering opinions from locals. It starts to study and plan campaigns to urge all the ethics' native languages to be more inclusive, diversified and equal. “The Law of National Language Develop” is critical to continuously supporting these works. The footprints of Irish Language renaissance progress indeed is a good example to Taiwan. This study is to investigate the difficulties, developing strategies and the future directional opportunities of Irish and Taiwan language via interviewing Irishmen, Taiwanese and Taiwan dialect language teachers.

Description

Keywords

愛爾蘭語, 台語, 語言政策, Irish language, Taiwanese, language policy

Citation

Collections