女大學生父女關係、自尊與異性親密關係之相關研究 The Correlation Study on Father-daughter Relationship, Self-esteem and Heterosexua Intimate Relationship of Female College Students

Date
2010
Authors
柯筱瑩
KE, SHIAO-YING
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Abstract
本研究旨在探討不同背景變項之女大學生父女關係、自尊與異性親密關係三者間的關係。為達到研究目的,以問卷調查法進行資料蒐集,所使用研究工具包括「父女關係量表」、「 Rosenberg自尊量表」及「親密關係量表」。本研究以有異性交往經驗者做為立意抽樣的對象,本研究以年齡介於18歲到23歲之台灣北部日間部一到五年級幾所大學之女大學生為研究對象,共計有效樣本367名。調查所得資料分別以多變項變異數分析、積差相關及典型相關分析之統計方法進行處理。本研究主要發現如下: 一、不同出生序之女大學生的父女關係沒有差異。父母不同婚姻狀況之女大學生的父女關係有顯著差異,差異主要表現在父母同住之女大學生會比父母分住且心理分離之女大學生對父親的「信任」較多,「溝通」較好,與父親的「疏離」現象較少。不同父親教育程度之父女關係沒有差異。 二、女大學生父女關係各分量表分數與自尊分數有顯著相關。女大學生的父女關係若表現出較多的「信任」、較好的「溝通」,較少的「疏離」時,則「自尊」較正向。 三、有戀愛經驗的女大學生的父女關係越好時,則其異性親密關係,除身體親密外,也愈好。換言之,有戀愛經驗的女大學生的父女關係中,愈不疏離,愈能溝通,信任愈高時,則異性親密關係中除身體親密外,情感親密、社交親密、溝通親密及精神親密就越好。 最後,研究者根據本研究結果加以討論,並提出具體建議,以應用在諮商輔導與親職教育方面,並作為未來研究之參考。
The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationships among father-daughter relationship, self-esteem, and heterosexual intimate relationship of female college students in Taiwan. The sample of this study included 367 students (18 to 23 years old) studying at public and private universities and institutes in Taiwan who have the experience of dating. Instruments used in this study were Father-Daughter Scale, Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, and Intimate Relationship Scale. Data obtained in this study were analyzed by MANOVAs , Pearson correlations and canonical correlation analysis. The main findings are as follows: 1. Group differences on Father-daughter relationship There was no significant in father-daughter relationship among female college students of different birth orders. "Trust" was found to be significantly different among students of different parental marital status. The female students whose parents live together have better “trust” , better communication, to their fathers and "alienation" phenomenon less than those whose parents stay separately physically and psychologically. No significant difference was found in father's education level. 2. Correlation between father-daughter relationship and self-esteem Relationship between father and daughter is significantly correlated with self-esteem in female college students. If the relationship between father and daughter shows more "trust", better "communication" and less "alienation", then their "self-esteem" is more positive. 3. Correlation between father-daughter relationship and heterosexual intimate relationship When the father-daughter relationship is better in female college students who have the experience of dating, the heterosexual intimate relationship (except physical intimacy) is better. In other words, higher “trust”, less “alienation” and better “communication” between father and daughter in female college students who have the experience of dating would have better emotional intimacy, social intimacy, communicative intimacy and spiritual intimacy in their heterosexual intimate relationship. Finally, based on the results, implications of the study for counseling and parental education as well as suggestions for future research are proposed.
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女大學生, 父女關係, 自尊, 異性親密關係, female college students, father-daughter relationship, self-esteem, heterosexual intimate relationship.
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