在校生技能檢定對高職電機科實習教學影響及因應策略之研究

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2003

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本研究旨在探討在校生技能檢定對高職電機科實習教學影響之因素及因應策略,經文獻分析及問卷調查的實施,針對高職電機科教師為對象進行調查研究,計回收有效問卷466份,依次數分配與百分比、平均數與標準差、t考驗及單因子變異數分析的統計方法,進行統計分析,並綜合研究發現,歸納成結論,並提出建議事項,以供相關單位參考,作為教育主管機關推動高職在校生技能檢定的參考,亦可作為高職電機科新課程實施時對實習教學影響的因應策略,提出改善的方法。 經研究發現,高職電機科實習教學受技能檢定影響的程度很大,尤其是私立學校在實習教學上受技能檢定的影響大於公立學校,且多數教師認為電機科應將技能檢定列為實習教學目標之一。多數教師會因學生參加技能檢定而調整實習教學內容並採用不同的教學方法與評量標準。多數教師認為只靠正常教學不足以通過技能檢定,而需要利用課餘時間加強檢定練習。 就在校生技能檢定對實習教學影響的因應策略而言,本研究之結論歸納如下:一、學校應向學生宣導技能檢定對就業及升學的重要性,並調整新課程架構,將有關技能檢定之選修課程提早於一、二年級開課。二、學校應設立合格之檢定場地及提供充分之檢定材料供學生練習使用,並將技能檢定列為發展重點及科之特色。三、對於通過技能檢定之學生給予抵免相關實習課程之學分數或加分作為鼓勵。 最後針對研究發現與結論,分別就相關主管行政機關、學校、教師及後續研究者提出建議事項,俾供參考。
The study focuses on the influence of shop teaching and responding strategies of the electrical department of vocational high school for the student skill test. The research was done through literature reviewing and survey method, and the target objects were the teachers at the electrical department in vocational high schools. The effective questionnaires amounts to 466, and they were statistical analyzed by the following methods: the frequency distribution and percentage, means and standard deviation, and t-test and one-way ANOVA. Following all these information, the researcher drew a conclusion and offered the officers in the government educational departments some suggestions for reference. The suggestions could also be used as strategies or improvements for the practice of the new curriculum in the electrical department in vocational high schools. From the research, the researcher found that the student skill test plays an important role in the curriculum of the electrical department, especially in private schools. Most teachers think that the student skill test should be included in the teaching objectives of skill training. Most of these teachers would adjust their teaching materials to the student skill test and they would adopt different teaching methods and different evaluation criteria. Most teachers believe that the students might not able to pass the skill test just by following the normal curriculum; that is, the teachers have to give the students more skill practices after class. Concerning the effects of the student skill test upon the skill-training curriculum, the research drew conclusions as follows: 1.The schools should inform the students that the skill test is very important for their careers and further education and adjust the structure of the original curriculum to have the selective courses relating to the skill test advanced to the first or second year. 2.The schools should establish standard sites for the skill test and offer enough materials for students to practice. Also, the schools should include the skill test on the lists of the major development and the features of the department.3. As to those students who pass the skill test, the school can encourage them by giving them the credits of the related courses or some extra points. Finally, certain conclusions and suggestions for educational administration authorities , schools ,teachers, and further study were presented and proposed.

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技能檢定, 教學影響, 因應策略, skill test, influences of teaching, responding strategies

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