臺灣地區空手道教練工作壓力、社會支持與工作滿意度之研究

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2007

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本研究旨在瞭解臺灣地區空手道教練工作壓力、社會支持與工作滿意度之關係,並經由不同背景變項之分析,比較三者之差異。本研究以175位空手道教練為研究對象,採自編之「臺灣地區空手道教練工作壓力、社會支持與工作滿意度調查問卷」進行調查。研究結果以描述性統計、單因子變異數分析及典型相關進行統計分析,繼針對調查結果選取4名受訪者進行訪談,並將研究結果綜整討論後,獲致以下結論: 一、囿於法令束縛與限制而感受到較高的工作壓力,而家人給予空手道教練的支持與鼓勵,亦感受到較高的社會支持,與同事互動良好及受到主管的肯定,故工作滿意度較高。 二、運動成就較低、證照等級較低、兼職與訓練時間較長者,其工作壓力與社會支持較高;而學歷較低、運動成就較高、證照等級較高、全職、年資較深、訓練時間較長與每月收入較高者,其工作滿意較高。 三、工作壓力與社會支持、工作滿意度呈現負相關;而社會支持與工作滿意度則呈現正相關。 四、法令束縛、人際關係、專業成長與選手訓練之工作壓力,最能影響工作、薪資、同事與主管之工作滿意度。而家人、主管及專業團體支持之社會支持力量,對工作、同事及升遷(級)之工作滿意度影響最大。
The purposes of this study were to investigate the situation and relationship of the job stress, social support and job satisfaction dimensions, as well as to examine the differences among coaches’ demographic variables for karate coaches in Taiwan. Data collected through the use of a questionnaire of 175 karate coaches, and in-depth interviews from 4 of them were analyzed. Descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, and canonical correlation were computed for statistical analysis. The results were followed: a) Due to the binding of the laws, karate coaches’ job stress were high, but the family gave karate coaches’ more support, and they felt more satisfied with their colleagues. b) The sample subsets of coaches with less significant achievement in karate and lower level of license face more intense job stress. Coaches who achieve greater accomplishment in karate and higher level of license show higher job satisfaction. As far as social support is concerned, the experienced and full-time coaches receive stronger social support. c) There were negative correlations among some factors of the job stress, social support and job satisfaction dimensions. There were positive correlations between some factors of social support and job satisfaction dimensions. d) The effects of the laws, human relation, professional growth, and athlete training in job stress dimension were satisfied of their job, salary, colleagues, and supervisor. The family, supervisor, and professional of the social support dimension influenced the satisfaction of their job, colleagues and supervisor.

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空手道教練, 工作壓力, 社會支持, 工作滿意度, karate coach, job stress, social support, job satisfaction

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