動作分析模式應用於國小二年級體育教學之行動研究 Action Research: Application of Movement Analysis Model for Second Grade Students

Abstract
本研究為動作分析模式應用於國小二年級體育教學之行動研究,其主要目的為探討動作分析模式教學的實施過程,學生對於動作分析模式教學的接受程度,以及實施動作分析模式教學後學生動作概念的建構情形。動作分析模式是以兒童為主體的教學模式,教師提供學習情境,以問題解答的方式做引導,協助兒童探索基本的身體動作,促進身體意識、空間意識、方向意識及時間意識等動作概念的認知。本研究的研究對象為國小二年級一個班二十六位學生,以動作分析模式的課程內涵,設計體育課教學活動內容,包含墊上運動、平衡木、呼拉圈等,並以行動研究的方式進行,利用訪談、觀察、學習單、教學日誌、接受度調查表等資料的蒐集,歸納分析其研究結果發現:1.體育課實施動作分析模式教學時,學生的接受程度是高的;2.動作分析模式的教學,有助於學生身體動作概念的建構;3.行動研究的過程可促進教師省思及提昇體育教學能力。以上結果期望提供教學現場的教師,在體育課中以動作分析模式設計教學時參考。
This action research applied the movement analysis model on physical education teaching of second grade students in an elementary school. The purpose was to explore the progress of movement analysis model implementation, the acceptance of students toward the movement analysis model teaching, and the construction of student’s movement concept after the implementation. The movement analysis model was a teaching model mainly for elementary school children. The teacher offered the learning context and guided with the problem solving approach, in order to assist the children to explore the fundamental body movement, and improve the cognition toward the awareness and concept of body, space, direction and time. The participants of this research were 26 second grade students (13 boys& 13 girls). The activities of physical education classes were designed using the movement analysis model. The learning content consisted of the floor exercise, balance beam, hula hoop and others. Data were collected by interview, observation, worksheet, teaching diary, and survey on acceptance level. Content analysis was used to analyze the qualitative data. The results of this study were as follows: (1) The level of acceptance by students toward physical education classes using the movement analysis model was high. (2) The teaching of movement analysis model facilitated the construction of student’s concept on body movements. (3) The process of this action research could improved the teacher’s teaching abilities and caused her think and introspect. The results of this research could offer the teacher information and reference on designing movement analysis model in PE lesson.
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Keywords
動作分析模式, 動作概念, 行動研究, Movement analysis model, movement concept, action research
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