職前教師於STEM實作課程的知識整合行為研究

No Thumbnail Available

Date

2014

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Abstract

STEM(科學、科技、工程、數學)教育的推展是當前的教育趨勢,如何藉由STEM實作課程強化並整合學生的知識亦是當前重要的課題。本研究以Ajzen(1985)所發展的計畫行為理論為基礎,目的在探討職前教師於STEM實作課程中的知識整合行為及其影響因素。本研究採用問卷調查法,以臺灣一所知名的師資培育大學為主要研究對象,針對其自然與生活科技領域的職前教師進行調查研究,總計回收有效問卷共計83 份。所得資料利用單因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關、線性結構方程、路徑分析進行處理。研究結論如下:(1) STEM實作課程以學生擅長的個別領域來引導,更容易引發學生知識整合的行為。(2) 教師與同學的期望與支持,有助於學生在STEM實作課程的知識整合。(3) STEM實作課程可有效幫助學生學習發展STEM相關領域的知識整合。(4) 他人的支持與自身的信心是STEM實作課程中知識整合的關鍵。(5) 男女生皆適合進行STEM實作課程的知識整合行為。(6) 不同年級皆應發展STEM實作課程。(7) STEM相關科系教師較適合從事STEM實作課程的教學。建議未來教師在從事STEM實作課程教學時,應多給予學生支持,並培養學生自我信心,將可提高學生在學習過程的知識整合行為。
The promotion of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) education is the current trend in education. How to strengthen and integrate the knowledge of students by STEM performance courses is also an important issue currently. The study is based on the theory of planned behavior by Ajzen (1985), and is to discuss the knowledge integrated behaviors of pre-service teachers in STEM Performance Courses along with its effective factor. The study takes the questionnaire inquisition, and the objects of the study are those pre-service teachers now studying science and life technology area in a well-known college for training teachers. Altogether, there are 83 effective questionnaires collected. The documents collected are processed with one-way analysis, pearson’s correlation, linear structural equation, pathway analysis method. The results show that: (1) STEM performance courses are led by individual areas which students are good at. It will be easier to evoke students’ knowledge integrated behaviors. (2)With expectations and support from teachers and students, it helps students integrate knowledge in STEM performance courses. (3) STEM performance courses effectively help students learn how to develop knowledge integration of related fields. (4)The key of knowledge integration in STEM performance courses is the support from others and self confidence. (5) Knowledge integration in STEM performance courses is suitable for male and female. (6) STEM performance courses should be carried out in different stage of learning. (7) It is more appropriate for teachers of areas related with STEM performance courses to undertake the teaching of STEM performance courses. It is suggested that teachers should give students more support, and cultivate their self-confidence when undertaking the teaching of STEM performance courses. In this way,it is going to promote students' knowledge integration behavior during their learning process.

Description

Keywords

STEM實作課程, 計畫行為理論, 職前教師, 自然與生活科技領域, STEM performance courses, the theory of planned behavior, pre-service teachers, science and life technology

Citation

Collections