「自我概念」議題融入國中視覺藝術教學之行動研究—以自畫像為課程主軸

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2011

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「自我概念」在個體之人格發展中佔有關鍵性之因素,其影響及於個體對自我之看法乃至行為表現。國中階段的青少年正處於茫然矛盾的時刻,生理的急遽變化以及心理所面臨的統合危機,使其往往產生對於自我的不確定感。藝術與人文領域的課程目標之一—「探索與表現」,即是期許學生能自我探索,覺知環境與個人的關係,且藝術治療之學派中,即有「藝術即是治療」之主張,認為在創作的過程可以緩和情緒上的衝突並有助於自我認識和自我成長。本研究基於以上之理念,將「自我概念」議題融入國中視覺藝術教學,發展「我的自畫像」課程,期望能藉由課程之引導與活動,提升學生之「自我概念」。 本研究對象為新竹縣某國民中學七年級學生,以行動研究之精神來實踐,經由課程研發、試探教學、專家檢核與修正後正式實施課程,並以質化、量化之分析統計獲得以下研究結果: 一、依據文獻探討及經由試探教學、專家效度檢核之反覆修正研發出融入「自我概 念」議題之「我的自畫像」課程。 二、透過「這就是我」、「自畫像不『像』」、「魔鏡啊魔鏡」、「許我一個未來」等四個單元,實施融入「自我概念」的「我的自畫像」課程。 三、學生在「我的自畫像」課程中能以不同方式來詮釋自我形象,從潛移默化中達成課程目標。 四、藉由「我的自畫像」課程之實施,可以提升學生之「自我概念」。 最後依據研究觀察與省思,研究者提出實施「我的自畫像」課程之相關建議,以作為日後相關學者及教師研究及實施之參考。
Self-uncertain is due to the imbalance between the physiological fast growth and the mental mature on teenage .Self-concept is a key factor on developing personal character which affects self-conscious and behavior. One of the goals of humanity literature art program is to help students explore themselves and be aware of the relationship between nature and human. In addition, “art is a therapy” useful for relieving negative emotions and supporting self- development. The research in this thesis attempts to design a series of self-portrait program which combines self –concept and visual art teaching, to promote junior-high-school students’ self-concepts. Action research spirit is adapted, through designing programs and assessing the effects after teaching, according to the qualitative and quantitative analyses .The objects of this teaching program are the 7th grade students in junior high school. The following are the results: 1.The program is developed and revised by the repeating process of pre-teaching, supervised by experts, to develop the self-portrait program that combines self-concept. 2.The programs are composed by four projects: “This Is Me”, “Self-Portrait, Similar or Not”, “Magic Mirror”, and “Wish Me a Beautiful Future.” 3.In the program, students can promote their self- concepts gradually by representing themselves with different media. 4.The program is useful for promoting the self- concepts of students. The researcher in this dissertation proposes some suggestions relating to program implementation, depending on the observations and reflections.

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自我概念, 自畫像, 國中視覺藝術教學

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