基隆市國中學生急救知識、態度、自我效能及行為意向之探討

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2008

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本研究的主要目的在了解基隆市國中學生急救知識、態度、自我效能及行為意向的現況,並探討其相關因素。研究母群體為基隆市國中學生共17﹐200名,進行多步驟抽樣,利用自填結構式問卷為研究工具進行資料的收集,共得有效樣本479份。 研究重要的結果如下: 一、研究對象的急救知識平均答對率在一半左右,而年級愈高、學業成績愈 佳、有急救學習經驗者,其急救知識較佳。 二、研究對象的急救態度偏正向,其中以七年級學生、有急救學習經驗、有急 救經驗、有急救證書、有較多的急救相關資訊獲得管道者,有較正向的 急救態度。 三、研究對象的急救自我效能偏低,其中以男生、有急救學習經驗、有急救經 驗、有急救證書、有較多的急救相關資訊獲得管道、有參與急救教育社團 者,其急救把握度較高。 四、研究對象的急救行為意向,依施救對象之不同,其中以家人執行意願最 高,而對陌生人的執行意願最低;而年級愈高、學業成績甲等、有急救學 習經驗、有急救經驗、有較多的急救相關資訊獲得管道者,有較高的急救 行為意向。 五、研究對象的急救知識、態度、自我效能與急救行為意向間具有顯著的正向 關係;若以社會人口學變項、急救知識、急救態度、急救自我效能等變項 來預測研究對象的急救行為意向,共可解釋34.7%的總變異量,其中「急 救態度」、「急救自我效能」、「急救學習經驗」、「學業成績」四項為 最重要的預測變項。 本研究依結論提出未來急救教育政策之建議與改進方針,提高研究對象 的急救自我效能及行為意向,以處理事故傷害。
The purpose of this study was to examine the junior high school students’ knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy , and behavior intention toward first aid; moreover, explore related factors. Through muti-stage sampling, the population was selected from a basal group of 17,200 students in Keelung .A self-administered questionnaire was used as the investigation tool. Data of 479 valid samples were collected. The major findings of this study are as follows: 1. The subjects’first aid knowledge was about half. The subjects who were in higher grade and had higher academic achievement as well as first aid learning experience had better first aid knowledge. 2. The subjects’attitude toward first aid was positive. The subjects who were in the seventh grade and had first aid learning experience, first aid experience and certificate as well as more access to first aid information had higher positive attitude toward first aid. 3. The subjects’first aid self-efficacy is somewhat low. The subjects who were the male students and had first aid learning experience, first aid experience, first aid certificate, more access to first aid information as well as taking part in first aid organizations, had higher confidence in first aid. 4. As far as behavior intention toward first aid was concerned, if the victim was a family member, the subjects would have the highest intention to perform first aid; if a stranger, the lowest. The subjects who were in higher grade and had higher academic achievement, first aid learning experience, first aid experience as well as more access to first aid information had higher behavior intention. 5. The subjects’ first aid knowledge, attitude, self- efficacy and first aid behavior intention were significantly positively related. Personal background factors, first aid knowledge and attitude as well as self-efficacy could explain 34.7% variation of behavior intention toward first aid. Moreover, first aid attitude, self-efficacy, first aid learning experience and academic achievement were the most important predictors. This research proposed suggestions for first aid education policy as well as guidelines for improvement and enhance the subjects’ first aid self-efficacy and the behavior intention to deal with unintentional injuries.

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國中生, 急救知識, 急救態度, 急救自我效能, 急救行為意向, Junior high school students, First aid knowledge, First aid attitude, First aid self-efficacy, First aid behavior intention

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