女子籃球選手隊友關係對退出意圖之預測:無動機中介效果

No Thumbnail Available

Date

2015

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Abstract

目的:在競技運動中,選手為了能夠創造佳績往往需要日積月累的從事訓練,因此動機是一個重要的議題。Ullrich-French與Smith (2006) 的研究中指出擁有正向的隊友關係品質與青年足球運動中的樂趣和自我決定動機有正相關。而近年也有研究結果發現,在運動情境中擁有正向同儕關係的會有較高的勝任感進而提昇參與運動的程度 (Cox& Ullrich-French, 2010)。有鑑於運動同儕關係在運動參與中的重要性,本研究將進一步檢視女子籃球選手隊友關係對無動機和退出意圖之間的預測情形。方法:本研究參與者為國內WSBL籃球選手,共54名。平均年齡為23.3歲。本研究採問卷調查法,經參與者同意後,請選手填寫運動同儕關係量表、無動機量表和退出意圖量表。結果:本研究的發現如下:(1)正向同儕關係可以顯著的預測無動機(2)正向同儕關係可以顯著的預測退出意圖(3)正向同儕關係可以透過負向預測無動機進而預測退出意圖(4)負向同儕關係可以顯著的預測無動機(5)負向同儕關係可以顯著的預測退出意圖(6)負向同儕關係透過無動機進而預測退出意圖(7)無動機可以顯著的預測退出意圖,無動機完全扮演中介的角色。
Aim: In the field of competitive sport, in order to perform well in games, players need to be trained over a long period of time. Thus, motivation is an important issue. Study has shown that in youth soccer sport, there was positive correlation between positive peer relation quality and self-determined motivation (Ullrich-French& Smith, 2006). Recent study also found that in sport circumstances, individuals with positive peer relation were associated with optimal physical education experiences and increase the level of sport participation (Cox & Ullrich-French, 2010). In view of the importance of sport peer relation. This study examined women basketball players' perception of peer relation to amotivation and the prediction of dropout intention. Method: the participants of this study were 54 players from WSBL (Women Super Basketball League) The mean age of the participants was 23.3 years. This study used questionnaire survey. After received the informed consent from participants, they were asked to fill the sport peer relationship scale, amotivation scale and dropout intention scale. Results: This study found that, 1) Positive peer relation significantly predicted amotivation. 2) Positive peer relation significantly predicted quit intention. 3) Positive peer relation predicted quit intention by amotivation. 4) Negative peer relation significantly predicted amotivation. 5) Negative peer relation significantly predicted quit intention. 6) Negative peer relation predicted quit intention by amotivation. 7) Amotivaiton significantly predicted quit intention. Amotivation played the mediating role between peer relation predicting dropout intention.

Description

Keywords

自我決定理論, WSBL, 同儕關係品質, Self-determination theory, WSBL, peer relation quality

Citation

Collections