兩首莫札特單簧管室內樂作品的比較性研究-降E大調單簧管三重奏(K.498); A大調單簧管五重奏(K.581)

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2019

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  相較於其他木管樂器而言,單簧管可說是較晚才被改良純熟,並被譜寫於作曲家筆下。單簧管這項樂器於十七世紀末問世,發展至十八世紀末期的五鍵式形式,使得愈來愈多作曲家譜寫單簧管於其室內樂作品中。在這個單簧管室內樂作品創作風氣剛剛萌芽之際,莫札特便為單簧管譜寫了兩首相當成熟的單簧管室內樂作品。本篇論文將以莫札特的這兩首單簧管室內樂作品為主軸,作深入的探討與比較性研究。   第一章將以莫札特所處的十八世紀作為切入,探討此時期單簧管樂器的演變,是如何影響著此時期的單簧管作品;第二章則以莫札特為主軸,研究莫札特的生平及室內樂作品風格;第三、四章則聚焦於莫札特的兩首單簧管室內樂作品《降E大調單簧管三重奏》,以及《A大調單簧管五重奏》;最後一章再比較此兩首單簧管室內樂曲,在樂曲結構與編制、動機發展與素材運用、單簧管與其他樂器之織度與互動關係之比較。
Comparing with other woodwind instruments, clarinet is the one that completed the development at the later of the century; same as the compositions for clarinet. Clarinet was invented in the end of the 17th century. In the 18th century, there were already five-keys on the clarinet. More and more composers started composing the chamber music for clarinet at that time. As the clarinet became more popular in the chamber music, Mozart composed two chamber composition for clarinet. I will discuss and compare these two compositions in this article. The first chapter, I will start with Mozart's 18th century as an entry point to explore how the evolution of the clarinet affect the clarinet repertoires during this period;In the second chapter, I will focus on Mozart's life and the style of his chamber music ; The third and the fourth chapter, I will discuss the two clarinet chamber music from Mozart’s “Clarinet Trio in E-flat major, K.498”, and ” Clarinet Quintet in A major, K.581”. In the last chapter, I will talk more about the structure, the development of the motivation, the materials and the texture used in the compositions, and the interaction of the clarinet with the other instruments between these two clarinet chamber music.

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莫札特, 單簧管, 莫札特室內樂, 單簧管室內樂, 管樂室內樂, Mozart, Clarinet, Mozart’s Chamber Music, Clarinet Chamber Music, Wind chamber music

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