行動與無所不在學習的現況、成果與課題

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2013

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本研究旨在探討行動與無所不在學習的發展現況與趨勢,並針對五本教育與教育研究類SSCI期刊於2008~2012年間發表之149篇有關行動與無所不在學習的研究論文進行內容分析。本研究使用量化的方式分析相關研究近年來於研究主題、研究方法、研究對象、研究內涵、研究變項等五個面向之研究現況,並結合質性資料的分析,將教學主題面向的相關研究進一步分析與討論。主要研究結論如下:(1)研究現況方面,2008至2012年的相關研究中,研究主題以教學面向居多,且探究式學習和適性化學習的教學策略方法是較多研究關注的焦點。而在研究變項方面,以情意面向為主,顯示學習者的學習態度和對於教材的接受程度是較多研究者探究的方向;(2)研究成果部分,探究式學習策略和問題解決學習策略逐漸受到重視。另外,Podcast與智慧型手機是近五年來較常被採用的教學工具,而教材的互動性、介面設計和跨文化的教材內容亦是研究者著重的議題;(3)研究課題方面,隨著學習者為中心概念逐漸被重視,教學者如何結合適當的教學策略與教學工具藉以提升學習者的學習動機與態度,將是未來行動與無所不在學習主要面臨的課題。依據前述結論,可協助後續研究者掌握行動與無所不在學習相關研究之現況及重要趨勢。
This study aims to investigate the development status and trends of mobile and ubiquitous learning. In addition, this study analyzes 149 research articles related to mobile and ubiquitous learning selected from Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) that are published in five education and educational research journals between 2008 and 2012. This study utilizes quantitative analysis to examine five aspects, including topics, methods, participants, contents, and variables, of recent research results. This study also integrates quantitative analysis to further investigate teaching topics in related research articles. Three primary conclusions are made. (1) Among the research results published between 2008 and 2012, the majority of the current research covers education and focuses on inquiry-based learning as well as adaptive learning. On the other hand, the analysis on research variable shows that affection domain is the main focus, indicating that more researchers inspect the learners' attitude and acceptance toward educational materials. (2) The study about research achievement suggests that inquiry-based learning and problem-solving learning strategies have gradually gained more attention. The interactive teaching materials, design of the teaching-learning interface, and cross-cultural teaching materials are also the main topics of current research projects. As the learner-centered concept gradually gains more and more attention, how integrating proper teaching strategies and tools increases students' motivation and attitude toward learning will be the primary issues when studying mobile and ubiquitous learning. In conclusion, this study will help the succeeding researchers better understand the current situation as well as the main trend of mobile and ubiquitous learning-related studies.

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行動學習, 無所不在學習, 社會科學引註索引, 發展趨勢, mobile learning, ubiquitous learning, social science citation index (SSCI), developmental trends

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