自造者觀點之石膏材質設計創作

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2022

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石膏在過去廣泛應用於藝術創作間的階段性轉換材料,眾人對於石膏的印象仍普遍停留在石膏像,或是石膏線板的裝飾性產品。石膏之所以被廣泛利用,其中因為石膏的優點包含重量輕、加工方便,優點對於成品有很大的加分效果,也因此灌製模型時,石膏是常常被用來使用的材料之一。但隨著技術發達,塑膠、泡棉以及纖維木等替代性材料的普及也能造就該形狀,而其應用範圍漸漸被取代。近來因自造者(Maker)思維之興起,3D製作更加便利,手作物品逐漸被3D所取代,缺乏尺度與細節的人性考量,並可能忽略手作經驗之隱憂。本研究擬分析其材料性,並將石膏帶入自造者的觀點,以石膏材料作為作品創作之出發點,透過材料的組合進行設計與創作,讓石膏有更多不同商品呈現的樣貌。藉由專家訪談內容了解材料的多樣性以及特質,石膏產生多樣的變化和用途是本研究的重要目標,並以展現手做精神為主軸。 除翻模製作外,進一步示範自造者藉由石膏材料結合其他材質之搭配,展現與過往傳統石膏創作不同的作品內容,完成「夾縫盆栽」、「半島擴香石」、「流逝」三款創作,並以「功能性」、「材料性」、「表現性」加以檢視。內容亦包含設計初學者自行規劃手作練習,增加材質體驗的學習程序,其後以展覽形式規劃出石膏製作之階段成果,實際進行擺設與展出,傳達對自造者和石膏材質的認知及情感,並對石膏創作之創作性加以討論。
Gypsum has been widely used in the past as a phased transition material between artistic creations, and people's impression of gypsum still generally stays on gypsum statues or decorative products of gypsum line boards. The reason why gypsum is widely used is that the advantages of gypsum include light weight and convenient processing. When casting models, gypsum is often used one of the most commonly used materials used. Due to the rise of maker cultuer, 3D production is more convenient, and handmade objects are gradually replaced by 3D, which lacks the humanity of scale and details, and may neglect the hidden worries of handmade experience.This research intends to analyze its material properties and bring gypsum into the perspective of the maker. The gypsum material is used as the starting point for the creation of works, and the design and creation through the combination of materials will allow the gypsum to have more appearances of different products. The prime purpose of this research is the generation of the gypsum variation and application. Furthermore, mainly based on manifesting the spirit of handwork. Further demonstrats that the maker uses gypsum materials to combine other materials to show the content of the works that are different from the traditional gypsum creations in the past, and three styles of creations, examine it in terms of"functionality", "materiality" and "exhibition". The content also includes designing to plan their own hand-made exercises, learning process of material experience, and then plan the stage results of gypsum production in the form of exhibitions. Display the knowledge of the makers and gypsum materials, also discuss the creative nature of plaster creation.

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自造者, 石膏材質, 設計創作, 手做, Maker, Gypsum material, Design creation, Hand-made

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