大學學術生產力及學術合作社群關係之探討

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2013

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學術研究是大學的普世價值之一,也是國內外高等教育重要的評鑑項目。學術研究需要合作,才能集眾人之力,有更好的表現,因此在學術界,合著論文的現象非常普遍。過去有關學術合著研究大多以某主題或某學科為研究對象,很少以整個大學的角度去探討大學及各學院系所教師學術合作情況。大學是高等教育評量的單位,分析大學整體學術合作,可提供校方、教師或其他教學研究單位作為檢視自我學術表現之評量參考。 本研究以台師大為例,利用書目計量及社會網絡分析兩種工具,分析台師大師生1990-2011年發表在Web of Science收錄之期刊文章的合著現況及趨勢、台師大的學術社會網絡、合著活躍度分別於學術生產力和學術影響力間的關係。研究結果顯示台師大Web of Science期刊論文數量呈現逐年成長且理學院為台師大Web of Science期刊論文發表的主要族群。學術合著已普遍且為趨勢且台師大合著模式主要傾向跨校合著;另外,合著活躍度分別於學術生產力和學術影響力皆為輕度正相關。藉由本研究之研究方法與研究結果提供其他教學或研究單位分析大學學術研究網絡之參考,藉以協助學校掌握各院及各系所學術合作情況,也可進行規劃協助系所教師進行跨校及跨國研究相關策略。
Academic research plays an important role in universities and higher education evaluation.Academic researcher needs to collaborate because it can make better performance in research. That’s why collaboration becomes more and more popular.When discussing about research collaborations,we found that most of the related literatures were based on subjects or a field. However, education evaluation evaluates academic research performances in terms of a whole university. Furthermore, analyzing research collaborations of a whole university is benefit to know the development of an institution. Therefore, we represent collaboration in academic papers of Web of science(WoS) in the last two decades and analyze publication of National Taiwan Normal University by applying several bibliometric and SNA techniques. The results show that academic productivity of NTNU is growing and academic co-authoring is common. Most of the productivity come from college of science. Additionally, author’s collaborative degree is concerned with productivity and impact.

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學術合著, 學術生產力, 學術影響力, 合著活躍度, 社會網絡, 書目計量, Academic co-authoring, Academic productivity, Academic Impact, Collaborative Degree, Social Network Analysis, Bibliometrics

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