高中選修體育特色課程發展之個案研究

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2015

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高中選修體育特色課程發展之個案研究 2015年6月 研 究 生:陳惠君 指導教授:闕月清 摘要 隨著十二年國民基本教育的發展,依據其綱要的目標,發展五大核心能力,各科課程與教材內容、授課時間比例與教學評量等,皆可由學校、教師依據學校特色、學生特性等彈性實施。學校特色發展過程是透過學校行政人員、教師與學生共同參與,規劃出適合學校環境、學校成員、學校運作等,更有效發揮學校特色課程的功能。本研究為探討個案學校選修體育特色課程之發展,經過文件蒐集、歸納整理相關文獻資料與訪談行政人員、教師與學生,分析討論後所得結果如下:一、發展歷程:由教育部「優質化」方案開始規劃,選擇體育班發展重點項目「劍道、擊劍、射箭」作為選修體育特色課程;二、阻礙因素與具體解決策略:阻礙因素為「場地設備」不足,體育館的使用時間與空間有限,個人使用器材昂貴,無法提供給學生作為平常練習。「課程規劃」則是面臨升學壓力與非升學考科的問題。具體解決策略為「場地設備」由授課教師自行調整可使用場地,等待分校後規劃體育選修課程專屬教室。「課程規劃」體育特色課程規畫調整為高一選修劍道、擊劍,高二選修擊劍、射箭;三、實施成效:落實選修機制,提供多元化的選修課程,瞭解學校的文化與特色發展,提高學生對學校的認同感、建立學校品牌以及有效實施學校行銷。依據本研究結果提出建議提供個案學校改善選修體育特色課程及其他高中發展選修體育特色課程時作為參考。
Developing Senior High School Elective Courses in Physical Education Featured Curriculum: A Case Study June, 2015 Chen, Hui Chun Advisor: Keh Nyit Chin, Ph.D. Abstract With the development of Taiwan 12-year basic education, the goals of curriculum guidelines allow both schools and teachers to implement flexible five core capabilities, the content of curricula and class materials, the proportion of teaching time and learning assessment based on the school and student characteristics. School characteristics is the process which school administrators, teachers and students participate together and figure out the appropriate school environment, members, and operation to fulfill the function of school-based featured curriculum more effectively. The purpose of this study was to examine the development of physical education electives courses of the case school, The methods of collecting documents, analyzing and summerizing relevant literature, and interviewing with administrators, teachers and students were used. After the analysis of all data, the results were as follows: 1. The development process: beginning with the Ministry of Education quality program and choosing the key projects, “kendo, fencing, archery,” became the featured curriculum for athletic classes. 2. Barriers and specific solution strategies: The main barrier was the lack of facility which limited the use of time and space in stadium. Owing to the high price, the personal use equipment was not available for students as usual practice. The other obarrier, curriculum planning, faced the problems of academic pressure and non-entrance examination subjects. The specific solution strategy of the lacking facility was to adjust the usable site by the instructors themselves and waited for the construction of the professional classroom for phyical education elective courses in the branch campus. As for the specific solution strategy of curriculum planning, physical featured curriculum is adjusted to provide elective kendo and fencing courses for the 10th graders and electives fencing and archery courses for the 11th graders. 3. The implementation effectiveness: To fully implement elective mechanisms, to provide a wide range of elective courses, to understand the culture and characteristics of the school, to improve students’ school identificaiton, to establish the school brand, and to effectively implement school marketing. With the results of this case study, it provided suggestion for the case school to improve its physical elective featured curriculum and also be the reference for other senior high schools to develop physical education featured curriculum.

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學校本位課程, 學校特色, 劍道, 擊劍, 射箭, School based curriculum, school characteristics, kendo, fencing, archery

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