臺北市大學生志願服務參與動機與自我效能關係之研究

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2023

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本研究旨在探討臺北市大學生志願服務參與動機與自我效能之關係,採用問卷調查法,以瞭解臺北市大學生個人背景變項及志願服務參與動機與自我效能之差異情形。研究對象為110學年度就讀臺北市公立、私立大學中參與服務性社團的大學生,有效問卷共396份。透過IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 for Windows統計軟體,進行問卷信、效度分析、描述性統計、獨立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析及皮爾森積差相關等統計方式所得資料。本研究結果歸納如下:一、臺北市參與服務性社團之大學生在志願服務參與動機及各面向呈現正向發展。 二、臺北市參與服務性社團之大學生在自我效能及各面向呈現正向發展。 三、臺北市參與服務性社團之大學生志願服務參與動機會因學校性質、打工狀況、參與社團狀況的不同而有顯著差異。 四、臺北市參與服務性社團之大學生自我效能會因打工狀況、參與社團狀況的不同而有顯著差異。 五、臺北市參與服務性社團之大學生志願服務參與動機與自我效能呈現顯著正相關。 根據研究結果,研究者對學校單位、大學生以及後續的研究者提出具體建議。
The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship among volunteer motivation and self-efficiency of college students in Taipei. Using the questionnaire survey as the study method, the study aims to understand the discrepancies in personal background variables among self-efficacy and volunteer motivation for college students. The object of this study is college students of public and private universities in Taipei in the 110 academy year, from whom 396 valid questionnaires were retrieved. Using the statistical software IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 for Windows, information was collected using statistical methods such as reliability and validity analysis, descriptive statistics, independent samples t test, one-way analysis of variance, and Person correlation Pearson correlation coefficient. The results of the study are summarized as the follows:1. College students participating in ministrant clubs in Taipei show positive development in volunteer motivation and every aspect. 2. College students participating in ministrant clubs in Taipei show positive development in self-efficacy and every aspect. 3. The result of “volunteer motivation” questionnaires showed that there are significant differences among different types of colleges, working situation and the situation of students’ participation in campus clubs for college students participating in ministrant clubs in Taipei.4. The result of “self-efficacy” questionnaires showed that there are significant differences among working situation and the situation of students’ participation in campus clubs for college students participating in ministrant clubs in Taipei.5. There is significant positive correlation between volunteer motivation and self-efficacy for college students participating in ministrant clubs in Taipei.Recommendations based on the results are presented to improve the effectiveness of schools, college students, expand participants, variables and methods for further research.

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大學生, 服務性社團, 志願服務參與動機, 自我效能, College Students, Ministrant Clubs, Volunteer Motivation, Self-Efficacy

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