高中青少年知覺父母長期衝突的因應及其影響之質性研究

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2011

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本研究旨在瞭解高中青少年知覺父母衝突的當下因應、以及面對父母長期衝突後的因應策略與影響。本研究是以質性研究的詮釋學精神,透過深度訪談方式,共訪談三位高中青少年,整理和分析訪談資料,歸納研究結果如下: 一、青少年知覺父母衝突當下的因應 青少年採取承受式的因應而累積出心理傷痕,或採拒絕式的因應以求自我保護,而成長對因應衝突有階段性的意義,但以增強自我保護性為主;且無論衝突因應為何,皆已成為青少年記憶裡的傷痕經驗,使其對人際衝突較為敏感,並且養成隔絕感覺的自我保護習慣。 二、青少年面對父母長期衝突的因應 青少年面對父母長期衝突後,會發展出一套因應的自處之道,並採取解決衝突原因的行動與想法,以因應長期衝突帶來的壓力。此外,青少年會在家庭裡呈現不同的角色與作為,以尋求自我的生存空間,並在父母冷戰的時候稍做喘息。 三、父母長期衝突對青少年的影響 父母長期衝突會影響青少年自信與自卑的自我概念,以及青少年正在建構的信念,包括自我保護或鞭策的生存觀及未來規劃,其次,經歷長期衝突的經驗,會使他們對家庭概念有親密與疏離的矛盾感、質疑親密關係的信任感,並影響其將來的兩性情感觀。 本研究針對上述結果加以討論,並提出具體建議,提供給諮商輔導人員、教育工作人員及未來研究者之參考。
Abstract The purpose of this study is to understand how adolescents react to the situation when they perceive conflicts between their parents, how they cope with the long-term parental conflicts, and the impacts it has caused on teenagers. This study investigated three senior high school students by adapting qualitative analysis in terms of in-depth interviews. The results of the text which was transferred from the interviews are as follows: 1. How senior high school adolescents react to conflicts between their parents: When teenagers perceive their parents having conflicts, they endure the painful or difficult situations, which in the long run causes some mental traumas in them or they’d rather withdraw from the troublesome situations to protect themselves. Besides, how adolescents react to the parental conflicts differs in ages, but whatever they do aim at enhancing their self-protection. Moreover, no matter what their reactions are, they all have become traumatic experiences in teenagers’ memories. Therefore, teenagers who suffer from these tend to be much more sensitive to interpersonal conflicts and to self-protect, they even get into a habit of ignoring their own feelings. 2. How senior high school adolescents cope with the long-term parental conflicts: Teenagers will develop their own ways to deal with the situations when they have long confronted parental conflicts. They will also take steps to resolve the conflicts between their parents so that they can deal with the pressure it has placed on them. Furthermore, in order to survive and relieve themselves temporarily from the cold wars between their parents, teenagers will play different roles and behave in several ways in the family. 3. How long-term parental conflicts impact on adolescents: Long-term parental conflicts affect teenagers’ self-confidence, self-concepts including self-protection, self-values and their career plans and somehow result in their inferiority complex. In addition, suffering from the long-term parental conflicts, teenagers feel puzzled at the family concepts and doubt their sense of trust towards the intimacy with their parents, and further affect their perspective of close relationship with their partners in the future. This study further elaborates the results described above and proposes specific suggestions to provide future reference for psychological consolers, educators, and future researchers.

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青少年, 父母長期衝突, 詮釋學方法

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