二胡初級教材系統化之探討

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2015

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二胡演奏藝術發展至今,已有近一百年的歷史,在教學相長之下,教材的發展真實的體現了二胡演奏藝術的前進歷程。琳琅滿目的出版品中,各個教材的技巧建構、學習範圍的界定及編排順序皆有相當的差異,顯示了二胡快速發展的忽略之處。教材的建設是任何學術專長領域最重要的基礎,對於如何達成教學目標有統一概念,方能更加有效率達成教育目的,儘早建立學理化的二胡教學系統,實乃當務之急。 研究論述中,針對三套常用二胡「分級式」初級教材為研究目標。縱向分析三套教材之練習曲與曲目,對其內容及編排方式有精闢的剖析,深入了解各種技巧項目與搭配之曲目的教學順序與數量,進一步探討練習曲與樂曲是否符合比例原則,兩者是否互相呼應,而非分道揚鑣。橫向針對上述幾點,比較各個教材各級編排方式上之異同,並說明有何優點與不足,再借鑑非分級式二胡教材的補充,歸納統整並明確指出第一級到第四級應學成之能力,探討如何建立一套完整並具備科學性的二胡系統化初級教材。
Erhu artificial performance has been developed for 100 years. As a result of “teaching is learning”, the blooming of teaching materials reflected the progress on Erhu artificial performance. The multiplicity of publications including various technical constructions, training boundary and chronological order indicated the imperfection while it grew rapidly. Construction of teaching materials was the most important foundation in every academic expertise field. To achieve the goal efficiently,unifing concept and establishing physical and chemical materials was a top priority. Study on three common "hierarchical" erhu textbooks was primary research goal. Vertically, it presented etudes and peices of three series of textbooks, insightful analysis and presentation of its contents, and depth understanding numerous techniques applies to the pieces of the teaching priority. Furthermore, ivestigating the principle of proportionality between the Etudes and pieces, whether it coordinated with each other or not. By comparing horizontally, the researcher analyzed the similarities and differences on the presentation of three materials between each level as mentioned above . To sum up, the results of this study referencing “non-hierarchical” Erhu textbooks, showing the advantages and disadvantages indicated what should learn in the first level to the fourth and how to build a complete, scientific and systematic teaching material.

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二胡, 初級教材, 教材系統化, 二胡教學, 二胡教材, Erhu, Junior Teaching Material, Systemizing Junior Teaching Material, Erhu Teaching, Teaching Material of Erhu

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