離家求學的未婚成年女性返家經驗之敘說研究

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2011

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本研究目的在於瞭解離家求學的未婚成年女性,在返家與父母同住後的生活經驗。希望藉由研究結果瞭解離家求學的未婚成年女性,因返家經驗所帶來的影響及其調適歷程,並藉由瞭解影響其調適之因素,提供助人專業工作者、未婚成年女性之參考。 本研究採質性研究取向的敘說研究法進行資料蒐集與分析之歷程。研究者以半結構式的訪談大綱對三位研究參與者進行訪談,以蒐集離家求學的未婚成年女性之返家經驗的自我敘說,訪談內容謄寫為逐字稿後,以敘說分析法中的整體-內容形式進行資料分析,最後撰寫三位研究參與者經歷離家求學後的返家經驗之生命故事。 本研究發現返家經驗對離家求學的未婚成年女性,在個人自主權、個人成長、與父母的互動方式和關係,以及對原生家庭的想法等四層面有影響。而其調適方式則有:(1)不只是看見自己的需求,也能看見父母的需求,進而平衡雙方需求;(2)展現自己是大人的一面,自己做好讓父母放心;(3)對父母行為與背景脈絡的理解與詮釋,幫助自己的調適;(4)接受原生家庭的樣貌,發展出適合的互動方式。最後,影響其調適的因素則包括了,早年經驗、離家經驗、學習/生活經驗,以及個人特質等四項因素。 本研究針對上述的研究結果做進一步的討論,並針對相關人員提出建議。最後依據研究過程與結果發現,對未來研究方向提出建議。
The purpose of this study is to understand the returning home experiences and the adaptive process of unmarried adult females living with their parents after having left home for school. Narrative data were collected and analyzed in this study. Three participants were interviewed with a semi-structural questionnaire. The data were analyzed with the “Holistic-Content” narrative analysis and the verbatim of their life stories is presented in the study. The current study concluded four influences on the unmarried adult females from their home-returning experiences, including self independence, self growth, interaction with parents and impression on their family of origin. Each corresponds to an adaptation process: (1) they realize both parents’ and their needs and compromise themselves to an equilibrium point. (2) They act more mature which decreases the parents’ worries. (3) The understanding of their parents’ backgrounds and proper interpretation of their behaviors help them adapt to return home. (4) After accepting the status of their family of origin, they are able to develop appropriate interaction patterns with parents. We also conclude four factors impacting the adaptation process, including early experience, leaving home experience, study/life experience and personality characteristics. Based on the results, there are some suggestions made for professional helpers and unmarried adult females, a few suggestions are also made for future researches.

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未婚成年女性, 離家, 返家經驗, unmarried adult females, leaving home, returning home experiences

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