國中學生從事垃圾減量行為及其相關因素之研究-以台北縣某國中為例

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2010

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本研究旨在探討國中學生從事垃圾減量行為及各變項之相關,並應用PRECEDE模式為研究架構,以台北縣某所完全中學的國中部學生為研究對象,研究方法採問卷調查法,研究工具為自編問卷,以方便抽樣得有效樣本408人,以SPSS for Windows 15.0軟體進行描述性統計、t考驗、單因子變異數分析、皮爾遜積差相關以及複迴歸等進行統計分析,其重要結果歸納如下: 一、 大多數研究對象在從事垃圾減量行為方面皆有正向的表現,其中以「重複利用」的平均值最高,其次為「資源回收」,最低為「意識消費」。 二、 在素質因素中,垃圾減量活動的經驗、垃圾減量知識、垃圾減量態度與從事垃圾減量行為均有顯著正相關。但社會人口學變項與從事垃圾減量行為之間則無相關。 三、 在使能因素方面,垃圾減量設備之便利性與資源垃圾之衛生和從事規垃圾減量行為之間有顯著正相關。 四、 在增強因素方面,重要參考對象與大眾媒體之影響、垃圾減量獎勵制度和從事垃圾減量行為之間有顯著正相關。 五、 素質因素中的「垃圾減量活動的經驗」、「垃圾減量態度」及增強因素中的「重要參考對象與大眾媒體的影響」、「垃圾減量獎勵制度」對從事垃圾減量行為有顯著預測力,其總解釋量達27.9%。
The purposes of this study were to study the behavior of reduction among junior high school students and its relation with other variables. The study applied PRECEDE model as the study structure, and the subjects were junior high school students in Taipei county. The tool of measurement was the questionnaire. Effective samples were 408. Descriptive statistics, t-test, One-Way ANCOVA, pearson product-moment correlation, and multiple regression analysis were applied to analyze the data of the questionnaire. Main results were as followed: 1. Most of the subjects showed positive reduction behavior. The score of reuse was the highest, followed by recycling, and conscious consuming. 2. In predisposing factors, the experience of reduction, knowledge of reduction, attitude toward reduction positively correlated with the behavior of reduction. The demographic variables had no relation with reduction behavior. 3. In enabling factors, the convenience of reduction and the hygiene of the recycling resources were positively correlated with the behavior of reduction. 4. In reinforcing factors, subjective norm and medium impacts, rewarding system of reduction were positively correlated with the behavior of reduction. 5. The power of the experience and attitude toward reduction in predisposing factors, and subjective norm and media impact, and rewarding system of reduction in reinforcing factors to predict the behavior of reduction was 27.9%.

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垃圾減量行為, PRECEDE模式, 國中生, the behavior of reduction, PRECEDE model, junior high school students

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